G. H. SUYDAM COLLECTION

Mss. 1394

Inventory

Edited by

Mark E. Martin

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana

2001 (Revised 2009)

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

Summary

3

Biographical/Historical Note

4

Scope and Content Note

4

Index Terms

5 – 6

Image Descriptions

7 – 10

Container List

11

Use of Manuscript Materials. If you wish to examine items in the manuscript group, please fill out a call slip specifying the materials you wish to see. Consult the Series Descriptions/Container List for location information needed on the call slip. Please maintain the order of items within a folder and the order of folders with a box.

Copying. Not all collections may be copied. Should you wish to request xerographic, photographic, or digital copies, please contact a staff member to discover whether the collection you have an interest in may be copied. If so, you will need to obtain a ―Duplication Request‖ form and instructions for its proper use. Do not remove items to be copied from their place in a folder nor the folders from their box.

Publication. Readers assume full responsibility for compliance with laws regarding copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Permission to examine archival and manuscript materials does not constitute permission to publish. Any publication of such materials beyond the limits of fair use requires specific prior written permission. A “Request for permission to publish” form must be completed and returned to Head of Public Services, LLMVC, Special Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803-3300. When permission to publish is granted, two copies of the publication will be requested for the LLMVC.

Proper acknowledgement of LLMVC materials must be made in any resulting writing or publications. The correct form of citation for this manuscript group is given on the summary page. Copies of scholarly publications based on research in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collection are welcomed.

SUMMARY

Size.

2 linear feet

Geographic

locations.

Baton Rouge, La.

Inclusive

dates.

1845 - 1864.

Bulk dates.

1863-1864.

Languages.

English

Summary.

Twenty photographs taken between 1862 and 1863 show the state capital of Louisiana, Baton Rouge, under occupation by Union forces. These photographs of street scenes, buildings, Union naval vessels, and Union army encampments are among the very earliest photographic views of Baton Rouge known to exist. The collection also contains two newspapers and loose pages from various sources.

Source

Gift

Access.

No restrictions.

Copyright.

Physical rights are retained by the LSU Libraries. Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators of the materials in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Citation.

G. H. Suydam Collection, Mss. 1394, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Stack

locations.

E:73; 99:Suydam; MISC:S

See also.

http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/index.php?name=G.%20H.%20Suydam% 20Photograph%20Album

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Captain G. H. Suydam, 162nd New York Volunteers Infantry, U.S. Army, collected various materials during the Civil War, some of which related to Louisiana. In 1954, Mr. G. H. Suydam, sent the North Carolina State Department of Archives and History the items included in this collection. In 1957 the North Carolina State Department of Archives and History donated the collection to LSU, less 2 Masonic pamphlets directly related to North Carolina.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection contains commercial photographs of twelve (12) scenes of Baton Rouge and eight (8) photographs of ships of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron (Admiral Farragut's fleet) on the Mississippi River at Baton Rouge. Captain G. H. Suydam of the 162nd New York Volunteers Infantry, U.S.A., secured these during his service with the Federal Army at Baton Rouge in the spring of 1863. Three (3) of the images have the McPherson and Oliver backstamp. Two (2) of the images may be ascribed to Andrew D. Lytle, Baton Rouge, La.

Most of the photographs have handwritten memoranda on the back (verso) identifying the images on the front (recto). These memoranda have been transcribed directly from the versos as titles for the images. Notes created in house have been used for any images without memoranda.

The collection also includes: a copy of the Natchitoches (La.) Union, January 29, 1863; a copy of The New Orleans Times, April 15, 1864; a copy of the Freemasons' Monthly Magazine, vol. IV, no. 8, June 1, 1845.

INDEX TERMS

Image Number = collection number/item number i.e. Mss. 1394, item 3a, = 1394003a

Terms

Image numbers

Architecture, Gothic--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394003

1394005

Armies--OfficersPhotographs

1394001

Armored vessels--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394013a

Artillery batteryPhotographs

1394002

Artillery menPhotographs

1394001

ArtilleryPhotographs

1394002

Baton Rouge (La.)Photographs

All images

Bird's-eye viewsPhotographs

1394007

1394011

Church Street (Baton Rouge, La.)Photographs

1394004

1394007

Dwellings--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394004

Essex (Ironclad)Photographs

1394013a

Florida Street (Baton Rouge, La.)Photographs

1394006

1394008

Fort Williams (La.)Photographs

1394001

1394002

Genese (Gunboat)Photographs

1394016b

Groups of peoplePhotographs

1394009

Louisiana--Capital and capitolPhotographs

1394005

McPherson & Oliver, photographers

1394001

1394010

1394014a

McPherson, William D.

1394001

1394010

1394014a

Methodist church buildings--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394007

Military camps--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394006

1394011

Mississippi (Frigate)Photographs

1394015

Natchez (Wharfboat)Photographs

1394017

Pike's Row (Baton Rouge, La.)Photographs

1394008

Prisons--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394006

Refugee camps--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394009

Richmond (Sloop)Photographs

1394014a

1394014b

Sailors--United StatesPhotographs

1394013b

1394014a

United States. Army--Artillery--Drill and tacticsPhotographs

1394002

United States. Army--HeadquartersPhotographs

1394004

1394010

1394012

United States. Navy. Gulf Coast Blockading SquadronPhotographs

1394013a

1394013b

1394014a

1394014b

1394015

1394016a

1394016b

1394017

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865Photographs

All images

Waterfronts--Louisiana--Baton RougePhotographs

1394012

1394013b

1394014b

1394016a

1394017

IMAGE DESCRIPTIONS

All images are albumen prints in the carte-de-visite studio card format (2.5” x 4.00”). See above for index terms.

Number: 1394001

Photographer: McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Gun mounted on a mound in Fort William which used to be the cemetery for the officers of the regular army.

Notes: An army gun on the Indian mound in the northeastern part of the ground, not far from the powder magazine and the cemetery. The mound itself had served as a burial ground for officers of the post and their families as far back as the 1830s. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 50;

Number: 1394002

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: 1863

Title: 18th NY battery Captain Fort Williams 1863.

Notes: A section of Captain Mack's battery during routine artillery training. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 54, 55.]

Number: 1394003

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Deaf, Dumb, Blind Asylum Baton Rouge La Now used as a General Hospital. U.S.A.

Notes: In 1863, it served as a military hospital crowded with the sick and wounded. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 94, 95.]

Number: 1394004

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: General Dudley's Headquarters, Baton Rouge, La.

Notes: Before 1863, this was the home of Samuel M. Hart, a prominent citizen who had left the city the previous year. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 57, 59.]

Number: 1394005

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: State House, Baton Rouge, La. [r] Burned Dec 30th 1862 [v]

Notes: The State Capital building was used both to quarter soldiers and to hold confederate prisoners. Fire broke out in the building in the night and by daylight the landmark was a gutted ruin. It was rebuilt in the early 1880s. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 44, 45.]

Number: 1394006

Photographer: ascribed to Lytle, A.D., Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Front view State Penitentiary In foreground tents of Battery L 1st Artillery.

Notes: The building covered the entire block between Florida and Laurel, bounded on the west by St. Anthony (now North Seventh.) [East, "Civil War Album," text, p. 76, 77.]

Number: 1394007

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: 1863

Title: Methodist Church Baton Rouge La, 1863. Where the concerts were held I wrote about.

Notes: The church with the steeple is the Methodist church. The building next to it is the Washington Fire Company, originally the City Hall. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 32, 33.]

Number: 1394008

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Provost Marshall’s office. Baton Rouge, La.

Notes: In 1863 the Provost Marshal's office was in Pike's Row, which extended east on Florida Street along its north side from the corner of Third. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 56, 57.]

Number: 1394009

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Contraband Camp formerly used as a Female Seminary.

Notes: The former slaves were housed and fed in the camps, and frequently given schooling in 1863. [East, "Civil War Album, p. 66, 67.]

Number: 1394010

Photographer: McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date:1863

Title: General Augur's Headquarter, Spring 1863. Baton Rouge, La.

Notes: [East, "Civil War Album," image, p. 58.]

Number: 1394011

Photographer: ascribed to Lytle, Andrew David, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Camp, 3rd brigade, Augur Div 19th Army corps. In background camp of 174th NYSV. In center camps of 2nd La & 30th Mass. In foreground battery C. 5th Regimental artillery.

Notes: The picture . . . was made in the spring of 1863 . . . taken from an upper story of the Heroman Building at the northwest corner of Florida and Church. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 31.]

Number: 1394012

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: March 9, 1863

Title: Waterfront of Baton Rouge La. Steamer Empire Parrish Headquarters General Banks March 9th 1863.

Notes: [East, "Civil War Album," p. 54.]

Number: 1394013a

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1862

Title: Ironclad. Essex, Farragut's fleet. Mississippi River, La.

Notes: Originally a St Louis ferry boat, the largest on the Mississippi river, the Essex passed the Vicksburg batteries and reached Baton Rouge in July, 1862. It supported General Williams and his men when confederate forces attacked from the east on the morning of August 5, 1862. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 38, 39.]

Number: 1394013b

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Coal Heavers of the Essex--resting.

Notes: The Union fleet off the coaling yard at Baton Rouge in the summer of 1862. Farragut needed the coal he found here to keep his larger vessels operating. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 22, 23.]

Number: 1394014a

Photographer: McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: 1863

Title: Crew of Richmond at quarters. Baton Rouge La. 1863.

Notes: The Richmond was crippled in Farragut's attempt to pass the guns of Port Hudson on the night of March 14, 1863, and fifteen of her officers and crew were killed or wounded. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 86.]

Number: 1394014b

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: 1863

Title: Steamer Richmond off Baton Rouge La. 1863.

Notes: The Richmond was one of the largest and most beautiful ships in Farragut's fleet. The Richmond reached Baton Rouge on the afternoon of May 9, 1862, in company with her sister ships. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 78, 79.]

Number: 1394015

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Steamship Mississippi Farragut's fleet Mississippi River La. Burned by her own after grounding in front of the rebel batteries at Port Hudson, during the attack by the fleet on the night of the 14th March 1863. To their mortification & chagrin after reaching the

shore, she floated off & blew up five miles below the batteries.

Notes: The Mississippi survived the passage of the forts below New Orleans but was lost in March 1863 in Farragut's attempt to pass the confederate guns at Port Hudson. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 22.]

Number: 1394016a

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: 1863

Title: Mortar boat of Farragut's fleet. Baton Rouge La, 1863

Notes: One of the mortar schooners which bombarded the forts guarding the approach to New Orleans and which were then brought upriver to hurl their great 13-inch shells into the confederate positions at Port Hudson. [East, "Civil War Album," p. 82, 83.]

Number: 1394016b

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: none

Notes: This is one of Farragut's smaller gunboats, probably the U.S.S. Genesee. [East, "Civil War Album," text, p. 80; image, p. 80.]

Number: 1394017

Photographer: ascribed to McPherson & Oliver, Baton Rouge

Date: circa 1863

Title: Wharfboat Natchez. Baton Rouge La.

Notes: The wharfboat Natchez (on left) tied up with one of Porter's mortar schooners (on right). [East, "Civil War Album," text, p. 70; image, p. 70.]

Scanned images can be found at: http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/index.php?name=G.%20H.%20Suydam%20 Photograph%20Album

CONTAINER LIST

All images in this collection were taken in and around Baton Rouge, circa 1863.

Stack

Location

Box

Folders

Contents

E:73

1 of 1

Gun at Fort William

18th NY battery, Fort Williams

Deaf, Dumb, And Blind School

General Dudley's Headquarters

Louisiana State Capitol

Louisiana State Penitentiary

Methodist Church

Provost Marshall's office, Pike’s Row

Contraband Camp at the Female Seminary

General Augur's Headquarters

Camp, 3rd brigade, Augur Div 19th Army corps

Waterfront of Baton Rouge

U.S.S. Essex

Coal Heavers of the Essex resting

Crew of U.S.S. Richmond at quarters

U.S.S. Richmond

U.S.S. Mississippi

Unnamed Federal mortar boat off Baton Rouge

U.S.S. Genese

Wharfboat Natchez

MISC:S

1

Miscellaneous items: envelope with writing; 6 pages from a book; page from Bible.

Freemason’s Monthly Magazine Vol. Iv 1845.

99:Suydam

1

Newspapers: Natchitoches Union January 29, 1863; The New Orleans Times April 15, 1864.