JOSEPH L. BRENT PAPERS

(Mss. 1477, 1822)

Inventory

Compiled by

Rose Tarbell

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

Revised 2004

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

Summary

3

Biographical/Historical Note

4

Scope and Content Note

5

List of Series and Subseries

6

Series and Subseries Descriptions

7

Index Terms

9

Container List

10

Use of manuscript materials. If you wish to examine items in the manuscript group, please fill out a call slip specifying the materials you wish to see. Consult the Container List for location information needed on the call slip.

Photocopying. Should you wish to request photocopies, please consult a staff member. Do not remove items to be photocopied. The existing order and arrangement of unbound materials must be maintained. Reproductions must be made from surrogates (microfilm, digital scan, photocopy of original held by LSU Libraries), when available.

Publication. Readers assume full responsibility for compliance with laws regarding copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Permission to examine archival materials does not constitute permission to publish. Any publication of such materials beyond the limits of fair use requires specific prior written permission. Requests for permission to publish should be addressed in writing to the Head, Public Services, Special Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803-3300. When permission to publish is granted, two copies of the publication will be requested for the LLMVC.

Proper acknowledgement of LLMVC materials must be made in any resulting writing or publications. The correct form of citation for this manuscript group is given on the summary page. Copies of scholarly publications based on research in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections are welcomed.

SUMMARY

Size

2 linear feet

Geographic Locations

Louisiana; Baltimore (Maryland)

Inclusive Dates

1869-1940

Bulk Dates

1869-1904, 1926-1940

Languages

English

Summary

Correspondence and both published and unpublished writings of Confederate General Joseph L. Brent. Includes papers of Nanine M. Brent.

Access Restrictions

None

Reproduction Note

Copies must be made from microfilm.

Copyright

Physical rights and copyright are retained by the LSU Libraries

Related Collections

Rosella Kenner Brent Papers, Mss. 1167, 1822; Nanine M. Brent Papers, Mss. 1822.

Citation

Joseph L. Brent Papers, Mss. 1477, 1822, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Stack Location(s)

U:114, 244-246; H:19;

Available on UPA Records of Antebellum Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Mf. 6061, Part 1, Series B, Reel 15.

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Born in Maryland, Joseph Lancaster Brent studied law at Georgetown College, practiced in the Attakapas region of Louisiana, and then moved to Los Angeles, California in 1850, where he served two terms in the state legislature. In 1861 he joined the Confederate Army as a major, serving under Gen. John Magruder in the Peninsula, Wilderness and Richmond campaigns. He then served in Louisiana under Gen. Richard Taylor, attaining the rank of chief of artillery and ordnance.

In 1864 he was promoted to brigadier general of the cavalry and participated in the fighting in western Louisiana. After the war, he practiced law in Baltimore until his marriage to Rosella Kenner, the daughter of the prominent Louisiana planter and politician Duncan Farrar Kenner, in 1870.

He returned to Louisiana to administer her father's plantations (Hermitage, Houmas, Ashland, Oakland, Roseland, Fashion, Bowdon, and Tensas) until Kenner's death in 1887. He returned to Baltimore, where he practiced law and participated in state government. Joseph and Rosella Kenner Brent had a daughter, Nanine Brent, and a son, Duncan Kenner Brent.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection consists primarily of correspondence between Rosella and Joseph Brent. The letters record their courtship, engagement, and married life. They discuss their feelings for each other, news of their mutual acquaintances, and family news. Many were written when they were apart because Joseph was managing her father's plantations.

Letters mention planting, laborers, and neighboring planters' activities. Brent's published and unpublished writings are also included. They are comprised of autobiographical, accounts of his military activities and manuscript copies of The Lugo Case and Capture of the Ironclad Indianola. Writings by other authors include biographies of Generals Brent, Richard Taylor, and Robert B. Campbell, and Duncan Farrar Kenner.

A printed volume contains portraits of Wilhelmine Trist, sister of Duncan Kenner, and a picture of the home Melpomene in New Orleans. The papers of Nanine Brent are also included. They consist of a brief diary, recipes and household hints, and photocopied and original advertisements, newspaper clippings, and trade cards of New Orleans businesses. The diary documents Nanine's stay in Baltimore, and relates her brother's bout with scarlet fever and her social activities.

LIST OF SUBGROUPS AND SERIES

Subgroup I: Joseph L. Brent

Series 1: Correspondence, 1869-1904, 1929

Series 2: Writings, 1885-1940, n.d.

Subgroup II: Nanine M. Brent

Series 1. Papers, 1896, n.d.

Series 2. Manuscript volumes, 1886, 1891-1899, 1943, n.d.

SUBGROUPS AND SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Subgroup I: Joseph L. Brent

Series 1: Correspondence, 1869-1904, 1929

Bound letter copy books containing transcriptions of letters. The vast majority are love letters written from a man who signs his letters “J” [Joseph L. Brent] to his fiancée who later in the letters becomes his wife, “Rose” [Rosella Kenner Brent]; transcriptions of some of her letters to Joseph appear within the books. As the years progress, letters appear from their daughter, “Nina” [Nanine Marie Brent]. Topics discussed include their marriage, social life, general health, the plantations Brent managed, agriculture, and politics. Arranged chronologically and each is assigned a volume number.

Related items in this series are additional letter transcriptions from Joseph Brent, notations and miscellaneous writings by Brent, and transcribed copies of letters by people other than Brent or his family.

Series 2: Writings, 1885-1940, n.d.

Writings, both handwritten and printed volumes, regarding a variety of subjects related to Joseph L. Brent and his experiences, including autobiographical information of him and his family, which includes Duncan Farrar Kenner. Some items were penned by Brent (including items which were eventually published, such as Mobilizable Fortifications and The Lugo Case and the Capture of the Ironclad “Indianola”), others are typed and sometimes bear no indication as to the author.

Brent's works contained in this collection appear in various forms ranging from handwritten manuscripts to galley proofs and printed volumes.

Other items in the series include a diary of Duncan F. Kenner, and a printed volume containing progressively aging portraits of Wilhelmine Trist (sister of Duncan Kenner) and the home Melpomene in New Orleans (La.).

Arranged in no distinguishable order.

Subgroup II: Nanine M. Brent

Series 1. Papers, 1896, n.d.

Items collected by Nanine Marie Brent include handwritten recipes, household hints, addresses, advertisements, and early 20th century trade cards; newspaper clippings are mostly household hints, but also include obituaries and advertisements.

Series 2. Manuscript volumes, 1886, 1891-1899, 1943, n.d.

A short diary by Nanine Brent, with her name and address inscribed on the front and the date “April 1891,” although entries range from 1891-1899.

A thin, handwritten recipe book bearing Nanine’s name, with names and addresses at the beginning of the book.

INDEX TERMS

Materials relating to these people, places, and things can be found in the series indicated, as represented by their numbers.

Terms

Series

Agricultural labor, Foreign – Louisiana – 19th century

I.1

Bowdon Plantation (La.)

I.1

Brent family

All series

Brent, Joseph Lancaster (1826-1905) – Capture of the ironclad

“Indianola”

I.2

Brent, Joseph Lancaster (1826-1905) – Lugo Case

I.2

Brent, Joseph Lancaster (1826-1905) – Memoirs of the War between the

States

I.2

Brent, Joseph Lancaster (1826-1905) – Mobilizable Fortifications and

their Controlling Influence in War.

I.2

Brent, Nanine Marie

I.1, II

Brent, Rosella Kenner

I.1

Campbell, Robert B.

I.2

Indianola (Ironclad)

I.2

Kenner, Duncan Farrar. (1813-1887)

I.1, I.2,

Kenner family

I.1, I.2,

Los Angeles (Calif.) – History

I.2

Love letters

I.1

Lugo, Francisco

I.2

Lugo, Menito

I.2

Mississippi River – History – Civil War, 1861-1865

I.2

Oakland Plantation (La.)

I.1

Peninsular Campaign, 1862

I.2

Plantations - Louisiana

I.1, I.2

Plantation life – Louisiana – History – 19th century

I.1

Red River Expedition, 1864

I.2

Seven Days’ Battles, Va., 1862

I.2

Sugar growing – Louisiana

I.1

Taylor, Richard (1826-1879)

I.2

United States – History – Civil War, 1861-1865 – Personal narratives,

Confederate.

I.2

CONTAINER LIST

Stack

Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents

Stack

Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents

Subgroup I: Joseph L. Brent

Series 1: Correspondence

U:244

1

1

Letter copy book, Vol. I., 12 Sept. 1869 – Jan. 1870 (pp.1-96)

2

Letter copy book, Vol. II.,12 Jan. 1870 – 23 April 1873

(pp. 1-192)

3

Letter copy book, Vol. III., 13 Dec. 1870 - 25 Sept. 1879

(pp. 1-171)

4

Letter copy book, Vol. IV., Sept. 1879-Oct 1882 (pp. 1-78)

5

Letter copy book, Vol. V., 12 Oct. 1882 – 26 Sept. 1886

(pp.1-142)

6

Letter copy book, Vol. VI., Sept. 1886 – 23 Oct. 1891

(pp. 1-200)

7

Letter copy book, Vol. VII., 11 March 1892 – 14 Sept. 1904

(pp.1-95)

2

1

Letters and related items, 1870-1889, 1926 (30 items)

3

10

Letter from Grace G. Glasgow to Grady D. Price concerning Duncan K. Kenner, 12 Jan. 1929.

Series 2: Writings

2

2

Autobiography of General Joseph L. Brent, n.d. (pp. 1-6)

3

Red River Campaign including Battles of Mansfield and Pleasant Hill ,n.d. (pp. 1-16)

4

“No. 2 Mansfield”, n.d. (pp.89-99)

5

Mobilizable Fortifications and their Controlling Influence in War, Joseph L Brent, 1961. (1 volume)

Notebook. Confederate papers in Confederate Memorial Hall, New Orleans (La.), n.d. (1 volume)

3

6

Biography of General Brent, typewritten copy, n.d. (pp. 1-10)

7

Biography of General Richard Taylor, typewritten carbon copy, July 1885 (pp. 1-18). Penciled sketches by Bray.

8

Biography of General Robert B. Campbell by Agnes Campbell. Typewritten autographed presentation copy, 1932 (pp. 1-54)

9

“Taken from the Brent Family Book.” Typewritten ribbon copy, n.d. (pp. 1-5)

11

Grady D. Price, “The Secret Mission of Duncan F. Kenner, Confederate Minister Plenipotentiary to Europe in 1865.” (M.A. Thesis, Tulane University, 1929), unbound typewritten carbon copy.

11b-d

Rough draft, bound, revised draft, research notes of “The Mission of Duncan F. Kenner…”

12

Mary Wilhelmine Trist [1838-1914], and “Melpomene,” New Orleans (La.) Photographs, 1927 (1 printed volume)

U:245

4

13

Joseph Lancaster Brent, The Lugo Case and Capture of the Ironclad “Indianola,” 1926 (1 printed volume)

14

Manuscript of “The Lugo Case,” n.d. (pp.1-128)

15

Bound manuscript of the “Capture of the Ironclad Indianola,” (pp. 1-137)

16

Galley proof of “Capture of the Ironclad Indianola,” n.d.

U:246

5

17

Joseph Lancaster Brent, Memoirs of the War Between the States, 1 printed volume

18

Book 1. “Life in California, 1850-1861.” Bound manuscript (pp. 1-184)

19

Book 1. Bound typewritten (carbon) copy (pp. 1-79)

20

Book 2. “Fort Lafayette (A Prisoner of State),” Rough draft, 43 pages; also 12 pages on the “Indianola.”

21

Book 2. Bound manuscript (pp. 1-181)

22

Book 2. Bound typewritten ribbon copy (pp. 1-62)

6

23

Book 3. “Containing Retreat into Richmond, 1862….etc.,” Bound manuscript (pp. 1-181)

24

Book 3. Bound typewritten carbon copy (pp. 1-46)

25

Book 4. “Continued from Book 3,” Bound manuscript

(pp. 1-149)

26

Book 4. Bound typewritten carbon copy (pp. 1-48)

27

Book 5. “Continuing the Seven Days Fight…,” Bound manuscript (pp. 1-112)

28

Book 5. Bound typewritten carbon copy (pp. 1-34)

H:19

Duncan F. Kenner Diary, 1862

Subgroup II: Nanine M. Brent

Series 1. Papers

U:114

1

1

Recipes, Household hints, Addresses, n.d.

2

Advertisements, n.d.

3

Trade cards, n.d.

4

Newspaper clippings, 1896, n.d.

Series 2: Manuscript volumes

Diary, 1891-1899

Recipe book, 1886, n.d.