GREAT SOUTHERN LUMBER COMPANY COLLECTION (Mss. 3225) Compiled by M. Stone Miller, Jr. November 1988 Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University Libraries Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Revised 2009

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................... 3
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE ...................................................................................... 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ................................................................................................... 5
INDEX TERMS .............................................................................................................................. 6
CONTAINER LIST ........................................................................................................................ 7

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SUMMARY

Size.

.25 linear feet (one box containing 128 items and two printed volumes, and one oversize item)

Locations.

Louisiana (Bogalusa and Isabel, Washington Parish)

Bulk Dates.

1924-1938, undated

Languages.

English

Summary.

Collection of photographs and picture post cards of buildings, machinery, and various operations of the Great Southern Lumber Company Sawmill, and its subsidiary, the Bogalusa Paper Company, both located in Bogalusa (Washington Parish), Louisiana; of workers and officials of the Company; of public buildings and Huey P. Long in the town; and two printed promotional booklets on Bogalusa.

Source.

Donated by Mrs. Edna J. Andrews in 1978.

Access.

Property rights are held by the LSU Libraries, some photographs are copyrighted by the National Geographic Society.

Citation.

Great Southern Lumber Company Collection, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries.

Stack Location.

UU:163, OS:G

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

The Great Southern Lumber Company was chartered in Pennsylvania on January 17, 1902. Between 1902 and 1905, the owners purchased vast areas of long-leaf virgin pine timber in Louisiana. In 1906, the Goodyear Family, who were the principal owners, erected a sawmill on the Bogue Lusa Creek in Washington Parish, and began the town of Bogalusa. From these beginnings grew the Great Southern Lumber Company, the largest sawmill in the world from its opening in 1908 until 1938, when it ceased operation. It was also the largest mill sawing yellow pine during its existence. The Great Southern Lumber Company also expanded into other enterprises, including the establishment in 1905 of the New Orleans Great Northern Railroad to transport their products, the Bogalusa Paper Company in 1918-1937, Bogalusa Turpentine Company, Bogalusa Tung Oil, Inc. and the Bogalusa Stores, their commissary. Besides contributing public buildings, assisting in the incorporation of Bogalusa in 1914, and furnishing civic leaders, the Company experimented in various other areas related to their businesses. They became one of the pioneers in reforestation in Louisiana and created a nursery, which closed in 1930-1931, to furnish seedlings. They likewise established the Bogue Chitto Farm, which was begun to demonstrate how stock and truck farms could be successful on cut-over land. A large part of the photographs included in this collection were removed from two scrapbooks compiled by the donor's sister, Mrs. Mary E. Jones McGraw, former secretary to William H. Sullivan, Vice-President and General Manager of the Great Southern Lumber Company from 1905-1929, President of the Bogalusa Paper Company, and Mayor of Bogalusa, 1914-1929, as well as holding other official positions.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Series include photographs, postcards, publications, display items, and oversize items. This collection consists of photographs of buildings, machinery, and operations of the Great Southern Lumber Company Sawmill and its subsidiary, the Bogalusa Paper Company, both located in Bogalusa (Washington Parish), Louisiana. In addition to aerial photographs and close-up views of various company properties and activities, there are a few photographs of workers in 1931, and of company officials, William H. Sullivan (d. 1929), and Daniel T. Cushing, both general managers of the Great Southern Lumber Company. Other activities of the Great Southern Lumber Company represented in photographs include reforestation, tung oil groves at Isabel, Louisiana; the Pine Tree Nursery, stands of slash and long-leaf pine, "turpentined" trees, and the Bogue Chitto Stock Farm and its hog-proof fences. Of particular general interest are three photographs showing Huey P. Long at the dedication of the Columbia Street pavement in Bogalusa in 1930. In one of these, a large banner thanks Long for free text books. Some photographs also show rural dirt roads of the period. There are also 26 postcards of Bogalusa public buildings, as well as views of the sawmill and paper company. Two publications, one by the Chamber of Commerce and one by the Great Southern Lumber Company, discuss the community of Bogalusa and its resources. Specimens of kraft paper, more than likely produced at the paper mill and formerly used as pages in the dismantled scrapbooks of photographs, are included in the collection. For further information see Myrick, Jerry L. "A History of the Great Southern Lumber Company, 1902-1938,” M.A. thesis, LSU, 1970. 146pp.

INDEX TERMS

Bogalusa Paper Company. Bogalusa Tung Oil (Firm) Bogalusa Turpentine Company. Bogalusa (La.) Bogue Chitto Farm. Cushing, Daniel T. Forests and forestry--Louisiana. Great Southern Lumber Company. Isabel (La.) Isabel Stock Farm. Long, Huey Pierce, 1893-1935 Longleaf pine--Louisiana. McGraw, Mary E. Jones. Paper mills--Louisiana. Reforestation--Louisiana. Sawmills--Louisiana. Slash pine--Louisiana. Sullivan, William H. (William Henry), d. 1929. Tung oil industry--Louisiana. Turpentining--Louisiana. Washington Parish (La.)--Economic conditions.

CONTAINER LIST

Stack Location

Box

Contents

Series I. Photographs

UU:163

1a-1b

Photograph 1. Old growth longleaf pine turpentined for one year (north of Bogalusa-Fton Highway)

2. Old growth longleaf pine along Bogalusa-Fton Highway. Turpentined one year (11-13-1932)

3. Pine Tree Nursery

4. Slash pine (June 1931)

5. Slash pine (1930)

6. Slash pine hand planted 1925 (photo. taken 1930)

7. Slash pine hand planted in 1925-1926, north of Bogalusa (1930)

8. Slash pine planted January 1925 (1928), named Sullivan Memorial Forest, with the Sullivans posing

9. Slash pine planted in 1924-1925, near Bogalusa

10. [Hog-proof fence]

11. Virgin long leaf pine near Bogalusa. Red Bateman (left) and unidentified man

12. Natural slash pine reproduction about 15 years ago

13. Log unloader

14. Log pond

15. Sawmill

16. Slab conveyor from barking drum to chipper

17. View of timber docks, GSL Co.

18. Lumber yard, GSL Co.

19. Fourdrinier Machine

20. Kraft mill storage room, Bogalusa Paper Company, Inc.

21. Kraft mill storage room, Bogalusa Paper Company, Inc.

22. YMCA (built by Goodyear)

23. Pine Tree Hotel (6-6-24)

24. YWCA (6-12-25)

25. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

26. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

27. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

28. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

29. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm (4-16-31)

30. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

31. Tung trees on Isabel Stock Farm

32. Plantation No. 4 (10-8-32)

33. Tung oil grove, Bogue Chitto Stock Farm (8-4-31)

34. Tung oil grove, Bogue Chitto Stock Farm (8-4-31)

35. Tung oil grove, Bogue Chitto Stock Farm (8-4-31)

36. Tung oil trees

37. Tung oil grove, Isabel Stock Farm, with D. T. Cushing and Lamont Rowland (4-16-31)

38. Plantation No. 8, Bogue Chitto Stock Farm (11-19-26)

Stack Location

Box

Contents

UU:163

1

39. First plantation, Isabel Stock Farm (3-31-36)

40. Bogalusa nursery (3-28-36)

41. Original plantation, with F. O. Bateman and Lamont Rowland (3-28-36)

42. First plantation, Isabel Stock Farm (3-28-36)

43. First plantation, Isabel Stock Farm (3-28-36)

44. East of the road at the nursery (3-28-36)

45. Plantation No. 1, with Lamont Rowland (1932)

46. Tung oil tree plantation, Isabel, Louisiana, old nursery site (3-10-38)

47. Tung oil nursery (3-27-33)

48. Log pond

49. Log pond

50. Loading logs from log pond

51. Log pond

52. Log pond

53. Log loader

54. Log loader and crew of workers, ca. 1931

55. Log loader and crew of workers, ca. 1931

56. Log loader and crew of workers, ca. 1931

57. Gus Chandler (left), Ben Sellers (sawyer) on log, and D. T. Cushing (right)

58. Sullivan Memorial Trade School, dedicated 11-18, 1930

59. Bill and Elrose Sullivan

60. Huey P. Long at the dedication of the pavement of Columbia St., Bogalusa (1930), group from left to right: J. P. Starns (druggist), Elias Berenson, Dr. J. H. Slaughter, man with only head showing not known, Daniel T. Cushing, J. B. Lindsley, next not known, Huey P. Long, H. E. Rester, man with moustache not known, and Mayor Ed Cassidy

61. Huey P. Long at the Columbia Street dedication

62. Huey P. Long at the Columbia Street dedication with banner, "Thanks GOV. LONG" FOR FREE TEXT BOOKS!

63. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing railroad tracks, pond, etc.

64. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing office, commissary, etc.

65. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing Central School Bldg.(far right), YMCA and YWCA (behind it), and Elizabeth Sullivan Hospital

66. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing Pine Tree Inn (upper left) and on lower curved road, North Border Drive, the Jack Cassidy house

67. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing NW side of Bogalusa and residences

68. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing YWCA (far left), hospital across the street and park (center) with wading pool and bandstand

69. YWCA, built by Goodyear Family

70. W. H. Sullivan home

71. W. H. Sullivan home

72. Pine Tree Inn, with pond in the back

73. Back of the Colonial Hotel, used by the working men

74. W. H. Sullivan home

Stack Location

Box

Contents

UU:163

1

75. Aerial view of commissary (right) and park at lower right

76. Aerial view of SGL Co. with commissary (lower right) and carpenter's shop at angle to its right

77. Aerial view of GSL Co. railroad tracks and parts of Bogalusa

78. Aerial view of GSL Co. and part of residential section of Bogalusa

79. Aerial view of GSL Co.

80a. Aerial view of GSL Co., showing some of the main buildings

80b. Aerial view showing forested area and a few buildings

81. Aerial view of GSL Co. sawmill, pond, etc.

82. Aerial view of GSL Co.

83. Aerial view of GSL Co. showing log pond and saw mill and main buildings

84. Aerial view of GSL Co. , plant and residential section

85. Aerial view of GSL Co. with sawmill and pond

86. Aerial view of GSL Co.

87. Aerial view of GSL Co.

88. Aerial view of GSL Co.

89. Aerial view of GSL Co., New Orleans Great Northern Railroad yard, with High Bowman's Filling Station (upper left) and the boarding house to its right; water tower (upper right) is to the old paper mill

90. Aerial view of GSL Co.

91. Aerial view of GSL Co.

92. Bogalusa Paper Company

93. Bogalusa Paper Company

94. Bogalusa Paper Company

95. Bogalusa Paper Company

96. Bogalusa Paper Company

97. Unidentified timber tract

98. Unidentified plant (possibly Bogalusa Veneer Company?)

99. Daniel T. Cushing, general manager of GSL Co., 1929-1938

Series II. Postcards

UU:163

1a-1b

Bogalusa High School

Nurses in front of the Nurses' Home, Elizabeth Sullivan Memorial Hospital

Staff doctors, Elizabeth Sullivan Memorial Hospital

Elizabeth Sullivan Memorial Hospital

Elizabeth Sullivan Memorial Methodist Episcopal Church, Bogalusa

Pine Tree Inn

Pine Tree Inn lobby

Bogalusa Stores Company (GSL Co. commissary)

Colonial Hotel

Superior Avenue Baptist Church, Bogalusa

Administration Building, GSL Co. (showing 359 stars in service flag)

Sawmill

Automatic stackers at sawmill

Stack Location

Box

Contents

Monorail car in operation, GSL Co.

"Bogalusa Brand" ship timbers 12x32 in.-10 ft. and up

Logs to be manufactured into timber 12 x 28 inches and wider

Bogalusa Paper Co., beater room

Bogalusa Paper Co., beater room, finishing room of the paper mill

Bogalusa Paper Co., beater room, paper making machines

Colonial Creosoting Company plant, Bogalusa

Long leaf Southern pine forest which produces "Bogalusa Brand" lumber

Cutting "Bogalusa Brand" timber in logging operations, GSL Co.

Loading sawlogs in logging operations of the GSL Co.

A long leaf Southern pine, diameter 40 inches, "Bogalusa Brand"

Site where logs were cut to build the town of Bogalusa in 1907, with pulp growth and under fire protection

Louisiana American Legion group promoting reforestation

Series 3. Publications

UU:163

1a-1b

Great Southern Lumber Company Department of Publicity. Bogalusa, the City of Families and Factories, (Bogalusa: Great Southern Lumber Company, [3rd ed.,1924])

Bogalusa Chamber of Commerce. Facts About Bogalusa, the City of Assured Growth , (Boglusa: Chamber of Commerce, 1927).

Series 4. Display Items

UU:163

1a-1b

Specimens of kraft paper produced at the GS Co., 3 items

Series 5: Oversize Items

OS:G

100. Photograph of the William H. Sullivan Family, undated