BROTHER ARSÈNE BROUARD PAPERS

(Mss. 3568)

Inventory

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

2008

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

SUMMARY ........................................................................................................................ 3
BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE .......................................................................... 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ....................................................................................... 5
SERIES DESCRIPTIONS .................................................................................................. 6
INDEX TERMS .................................................................................................................. 8
CONTAINER LIST ............................................................................................................ 9

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SUMMARY

Size

1.2 linear feet.

Geographic Locations

Louisiana, Pennsylvania, Maryland, New Mexico, France, Mexico

Inclusive Dates

1895-1940

Bulk Dates

1909-1937

Languages

English, French

Summary

Correspondence, research notes, printed material, personal papers, photographs, and diagrams by Brother Arsène Brouard, a French monk and botanist. Most papers reflect his discovery, collection, and organization of plants in Mexico and the United States. Others involve his service at schools in Mexico and the United States. Most of his personal correspondence is in French.

Organization

Series I, Correspondence, 1895-1940

Series II, Printed and Graphic Material, 1914-1989, undated

Series III, Financial and Legal Documents, 1898-1934

Series IV, Research Notes, 1912-1932, undated

Access Restrictions

If microfilm is available, copies must be made from microfilm.

Copyright

Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Related Collections

N/A

Citation

Brother Arsène Brouard Papers, Mss. 3568, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack Location(s)

S:107-108, OS:B

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Brother Arsène Brouard was French monk and botanist who taught biology, physics, chemistry, Spanish, and French at St. Paul’s College in Covington, Louisiana from 1919 to 1925. Brouard, born Arsène Gustave Joseph Brouard near Orléans, France, took his first vows in 1898 and studied botany in his native land. He was assigned to a college in Puebla, Mexico in 1906 before going to Morelos, Mexico three years later. While in Mexico, he systematically collected, identified, cataloged, and preserved the country’s flora. Brouard discovered several new species before being forced out of Mexico in 1914 during the revolution.

He arrived in the United States and taught at schools in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Ellicott City, Maryland, before arriving in Covington. While at St. Paul’s College he collected approximately nine hundred plants, of which sixty species were unknown in Louisiana, and three were unknown in the United States. In 1926 he left for Las Vegas, New Mexico because of his failing health. He continued to teach and collect flora before his death in 1938.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

Correspondence, scientific and religious printed material, newspaper clippings, plant lists, research notes, hand-written manuscripts, charts, diagrams, maps, and photographs covering the period from 1899 to 1938. A substantial portion of the collection consists of letters from botanists and from his religious brothers. Most of the material is in French. There is a collection of typewritten letters by Brouard to Doctor Bouly de Lesdain. Another significant portion of the collection is Brouard’s research notes and plant lists. His notes detail his accumulation of lichens, plants, and animals in Morelos and Querétaro, Mexico, as well as around Covington, Louisiana and Las Vegas, New Mexico. There are also school class notes, blank postcards, financial receipts, and a map of the western front in World War I. The collection contains much information on religion and evolution, including a typed manuscript about the atheistic aspects of evolutionary theory. Also included in the collection is the handwritten text of Lichens de Mexique. Finally, there is a biographical work on Brouard by Robert D. Landry in the printed material. Landry, who used the collection in his research, described his pamphlet as a collection of articles, letters, and notes about Brouard.

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Series I, Correspondence, 1895-1940

The earliest letters in the collection were written to Brother Arsène Brouard while still in France (1895-1906) and continue through his time in Mexico (1906-1914), Baltimore and Philadelphia (1914-1919), Covington, La. (1919-1926), and New Mexico (1927-1938). These letters come from both religious brothers discussing new novitiates, missionary work, and religious ideas, and from botanists discussing fellow scientists, research, and new findings. Some letters discuss the unrest in Mexico and express their worry for Brouard’s safety (March 3, 1914, undated), while others go into detail about being expelled from Mexico (July 1914). A letter to Brouard from a fellow brother in Paris tells of the war in Europe, of anti-clericalism in France, and of his research concerning the deaths and expatriation of religious brothers in Clermont (March 4, 1918) while another letter tells of the armistice (November 11, 1918). Later letters to Brouard discuss affairs in both Mexico and Cuba (May 5, 1935). A number of letters are written by Brouard to M. Bouly de Lesdain; these discuss various research findings for the most part, but include religious topics such as evolution (1933-1938). Correspondence from universities and research centers in the United States address shipments and donations of plants and papers submitted by Brouard (1934-1937). The majority of the correspondence is conducted in French.

Series II, Printed and Graphic Material, 1914-1989, undated

Printed items include scientific material such as published papers, newsletters, programs from lectures, lists of plants collected in different areas, and catalogues from libraries. Printed items of a religious nature include a liturgical calendar (undated), a newsletter from De La Salle School in Lafayette, La. (December 1939), prayer cards, a book of religious hymns (1914), and writings concerning religion and evolution (1927-1929). Printed material also includes “Brother G. Arsène Brouard – Botanist, Teacher, Christian Brother,” a collection of articles, letters, and notes selected and compiled by Robert D. Landry about the life and work of Brouard (August 1989). Other printed material such as blank postcards, advertisements, and photocopies of newspaper clippings addressing topics such as religion and science, botany, and general world news (1917-1922, undated) are also included.

Newspapers include issues of El Imparcial, El Pais, Los Sucesos Nacionales, La Voz de Juarez, La Revue Hebdomadaire, Croix de Cantal, and La Croix Cantalienne (1902-1940). A section of the Public Ledger (undated) and an issue of The Fatherland: A Weekly (1915) are included, as well as various advertisements (1920, undated). A map of the Western Battlefront of Europe (1918), a map of highways in Washington, D.C. (undated), and a trans-Atlantic travel map and log (1910) are also found in the collection.

Also included are charts and diagrams of flora as well as photographs of interiors of churches and of research excursions (undated).

Series III, Financial and Legal Documents, 1898-1934

Financial documents include receipts for shipments of plants, for journal subscriptions, and from tobacco manufacturers. Also included are two voting cards for Brouard while still in France (1898, 1904)

Series IV, Research Notes, 1912-1932, undated

Research notes include notes and notebooks containing lists of plants, animals, and lichens found in various regions in Mexico, Louisiana, and New Mexico. Teaching material for Brouard’s classes are found in the collection, as well as other notes surrounding religion and evolution.

INDEX TERMS

SERIES LOCATION

Botanists-France.

I-IV

Brouard, G. Arsène.

I-IV

Christian Brothers.

I-IV

Clermont (France)

I, II, IV

Covington (La.)

I, II, IV

Evolution--Religious aspects--Christianity.

I, II, IV

Lichens--Mexico.

I, II, IV

Lichens--United States.

I, II, IV

Mexico--History--1910-1946

I

Mexico--History--Revolution, 1910-1920.

I

Montferrand (France)

I, IV

Paleobotany--Louisiana.

I, II, IV

Paleobotany-- Mexico.

I, II, IV

Paleobotany--New Mexico.

I, II, IV

Querétaro (Mexico)

I, IV

World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--Western Front.

I, II

World War, 1914-1918--France.

I, II

CONTAINER LIST

Stack

Location

Box

Folder(s)

Contents (with dates)

S:107

1

1-13

Correspondence, 1895-1940

14

Outgoing Correspondence, 1907-1938

S:107

2

1-3

Printed and Graphic Material, Scientific

4

Printed and Graphic Material, Plants of New Mexico

5

Printed and Graphic Material, Religious

6

Printed and Graphic Material, Religion and evolution

7

Printed and Graphic Material, Postcards

8

Printed and Graphic Material, Newspaper clippings

9

Printed and Graphic Material, The Fatherland, June 2, 1915

10

Printed and Graphic Material, General

11

Printed and Graphic Material, Charts, Diagrams, and Drawings

12

Printed and Graphic Material, Photographs

S:107

3

1

Printed and Graphic Material, Brother Arsène G. Brouard Botanist, Teacher, Christian Brother, by Robert D. Landry

2

Financial Documents

3

Legal Documents

4-10

Research Notes, Plant lists

11

Research Notes, Lichens of Mexico

12

Research Notes, Morelos Plants

13

Research Notes, Mexican Plants

S:108

4

1

Research Notes, Plants and animals of Mexico

2

Research Notes, Plants and animals of Querétaro

3

Research Notes, Lichens of Louisiana

4

Research Notes, Plants of Covington and New Mexico

5

Research Notes, Plants of New Mexico

6

Research Notes, North America

7

Research Notes, Zoology

8

Research Notes, Religious

9

Research Notes, Religion and evolution

10-11

Research Notes, School material

12-14

Research Notes, Miscellaneous notes

OS:B

--

1

Kenyon “War Map of Western Battle Front of Europe,” c. 1918

Advertisement for Kenyon War Maps

“Map of the Permanent System of Highways District of Columbia,” undated.

Public Ledger newspaper section on snakes, undated.

Architectural drawing of the “PENSIONNAT S EUGENE,” undated.

Advertisement for G. de Koning Tilly Medicine, ca. 1920

Trans-Atlantic travel map and log, 1910

Lists of plants

Alcance Al Num. 66 de “El Amigo de la Verdad,” undated.

La. Croix Cantalienne, October 2, 1902

El Imparcial, February 16, 1906

El Imparcial, February 17, 1906

El Imparcial, February 18, 1906

El Pais, July 28, 1914

El Imparcial, August 5, 1914

Los Sucesos Nacionales, August 18, 1914

La Voz de Juarez, August 18, 1914

La Revue Hebdomadaire, November 21, 1915

Croix de Cantal, March 3, 1940