CHATSWORTH PLANTATION STORE RECORDS Mss. 4589 Inventory Compiled by Susan Deborah Cook Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University Libraries Baton Rouge, Louisiana Revised 2009

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY ..................................................................................................... 2
SUMMARY .................................................................................................................................... 3
BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTE ............................................................................. 4
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE ................................................................................................... 4
SERIES DESCRIPTIONS .............................................................................................................. 5
INDEX TERMS .............................................................................................................................. 6
CONTAINER LIST ........................................................................................................................ 7

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SUMMARY

Size

0.6 linear ft.

Geographic Locations

Louisiana

Inclusive Dates

1865-1893

Languages

English, French

Summary

The papers relate to the operation of the store and plantation at Chatsworth, and to the Gardère and Staring families. The bulk of the material consists of store ledgers, which record accounts and laborers' payrolls. There is also material from a plantation journal in French and English, possibly written in part by Fergus Gardère. Miscellaneous material includes legal and business papers of Joseph Staring and letters to Fergus Gardère.

Access Restrictions

None.

Copyright

Physical rights and copyright are retained by the LSU Libraries

Related Collections

None.

Citation

Chatsworth Plantation Store Records, Mss. 4589, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack Location(s)

33:33

BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL NOTE

Chatsworth Plantation was built in 1859 and is situated in the Manchac area, East Baton Rouge Parish, on the east bank of the Mississippi. It consisted of 2300 acres, and mostly produced sugar cane. Originally developed by Fergus Peniston, the adopted son of Fergus Duplantier, it was bought by François Gardère (1792-1871) in 1866. A store was operated on the plantation, which may be connected with, or possibly be, the Good Intent Store at Manchac Landing. Between 1895 and 1920, the plantation was owned by the Womack family. It was acquired by Joseph Staring in 1920 who operated it until his death. In 1930, Chatsworth Plantation House was torn down due to the encroachment of the Mississippi River. Fergus Gardère (1817-1894), the son of François, moved to Chatsworth in 1866 and managed the estate for his father. His previous career had included twelve years as Senator for the Jefferson Parish District of Baton Rouge (1850-62). Joseph Staring (1860-c.1920-30) was employed on the Mississippi River by Fergus Gardère for three years. He moved on to cultivate cotton and operated a cotton gin in partnership with Gardère in the 1880s. In 1886 he married Renée Coycault, the granddaughter of Gardère. He eventually occupied Doolittle Plantation, where he operated a store, and finally moved to Chatsworth in 1920.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection is 0.5 linear feet in size and dates from 1865-1893. The records relate to the operation of the store and plantation at Chatsworth, and to the Gardère and Staring [Starring] families. They are fragmentary, fragile and often illegible. The bulk of the material consists of ledgers belonging to the store, which record customers' accounts and laborers' payrolls and accounts. There is also material from a plantation journal in French and English, possibly written in part by Fergus Gardère, which relates to the operation of the plantation and the business of the author. Miscellaneous material includes legal and business papers of Joseph Staring and letters to Fergus Gardère.

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Series I. Ledgers, Accounts, Receipts, 1865-85, undated The ledgers contain customers' accounts. Of note are the accounts relating directly to the Chatsworth plantations, which exist for 1877 and 1882, and those of Philip Maspero & Co., a large sugar-cane company in New Orleans. Rough accounts and receipts (undated, 1878-89) include receipts from Good Intent Store at Manchac Landing. Series II. Wage Rolls, Labor Organization, undated, 1870-1893. These include wage rolls separated from the ledgers and records of wage rolls from the 1890s. The laborers' lists also include information on labor organization, such as night watches. Series III. Plantation Journal, 1869-91. The journal is mostly written in French, with English entries for 1891 in a different hand from the rest of the journal. Extant years are 1869-73, 1878 and 1891. It notes the weather, plantation operations, travels of the author and includes some notes on laborers' wages and a list of night watches (1873). Series IV. Maps, 1873, undated There are three hand-drawn and colored maps of plantation land which appear to have been part of journals and ledgers. They convey information on planting and division of labor. Series V. Letters, legal and business papers, 1882-92, undated There are two letters to Fergus Gardère. One is from Armand Duplantier at Hollywood Plantation (1882) concerning provision of supplies to Gardère. Joseph Staring's papers comprise orders to act as a road overseer for the Highland area (1888), a fire insurance certificate (1892) and his cotton ginning accounts (undated).

INDEX TERMS

Chatsworth Plantation (La.) Gardère, Fergus, 1817-1894 Gardère, François, 1792-1871 Plantations--Louisiana P. Maspero & Co. Staring, Joseph, 1860-c. 1920-30 Stores--Louisiana

CONTAINER LIST

Stack Location

Box

Folder

Contents

33:33

1-2

1-16

Series I, Ledgers, Accounts, Receipts

17-18

Series II, Wage Rolls, Labor Organizations

19-20

Series III, Plantation Journal

21

Series IV, Maps

22

Series V, Letters, legal and business papers