MF 6061

Series B

Part 3

Reels 1-4

MINOR (William J. and Family) PAPERS

(Mss. 519, 594)

Inventory

Compiled by

Phyllis Castille

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

2004

CONTENTS OF INVENTORY

Summary

3

Biographical/Historical Note

4

Scope and Content Note

4

List of Series and Subseries

5

Series and Subseries Descriptions

5

Index Terms

8

Container List

11

Notes

13

Use of manuscript materials. If you wish to examine items in the manuscript group, please fill out a call slip specifying the materials you wish to see. Consult the Container List for location information needed on the call slip.

Photocopying. Should you wish to request photocopies, please consult a staff member. Do not remove items to be photocopied. The existing order and arrangement of unbound materials must be maintained. Reproductions must be made from surrogates (microfilm, digital scan, photocopy of original held by LSU Libraries), when available.

Publication. Readers assume full responsibility for compliance with laws regarding copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Permission to examine archival materials does not constitute permission to publish. Any publication of such materials beyond the limits of fair use requires specific prior written permission. Requests for permission to publish should be addressed in writing to the Head, Public Services, Special Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, LA, 70803-3300. When permission to publish is granted, two copies of the publication will be requested for the LLMVC.

Proper acknowledgement of LLMVC materials must be made in any resulting writing or publications. The correct form of citation for this manuscript group is given on the summary page. Copies of scholarly publications based on research in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections are welcomed.

SUMMARY

Size

410 items, 37 volumes

Geographic Locations

Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Washington, D. C.

Inclusive Dates

1779-1898

Bulk Dates

1830-1870

Languages

English, French, Spanish

Summary

Plantation records, early Natchez banking papers, and personal correspondence of the Stephen, William J. and Henry Minor families of Natchez, Mississippi.

Access Restrictions

Reproduction Note

Photocopies must be made from the microfilm.

Copyright

Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Related Collections

Butler (Thomas and Family) Papers (Mss. 2850)

Gayoso de Lemos, Manuel, 1747-1799. Papers, 1792-1799 (Mss. 157)

Hicky (Daniel and Philip) Papers, 1667, 1762-1846 (Mss. 720)

Hicky, Philip, 1778-1859. Family papers, 1667-1846 (bulk 1814-1815) (Mss. 2007, 2035)

Minor family photograph collection, 1885. (Mss. 3173)

Minor, John. Account book, 1815-1823. (Mss. 1035)

Minor, Katherine Surget, 1834-1926. Letter, 1867 Dec. 5. (Mss. 4867)

Minor, William J., 1807-1869. Papers, 1854-1862. (Mss. 859)

Peirce-Haralson-Rumble Family Papers (Mss 4771)

Citation

William J. Minor and Family Papers, Mss. 519 and 594, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

Stack Location(s)

U:229-230; H:2; Vault: 15

(see next page for microfilm call number and note)

MF 6061

Series B

Part 3

Reels 1-4

Volumes 13, 14, & 15 (Letter Books 1834-1848, 1848-1455, & 1855-1858 respectively) were not filmed because they are illegible.

BIOGRAPHICAL/HISTORICAL NOTE

Stephen Minor (1760-1815), Spanish Governor of Natchez and cotton planter of Concord Plantation, was the first president of the Bank of Mississippi (1797-1815) in Natchez. Minor was originally from Carlisle, Pennsylvania, and in 1791 he received a land grant from the Spanish government. Sometime before 1809 he was married to Katherine Lintot (c. 1764-1844), a daughter of Bernard Lintot, the commissary at Manchac. The family home, Concord Plantation, was constructed in 1811. Minor was a friend of James Wilkinson who asked him to protect a trunk of manuscripts from his enemies in 1814. Upon the death of Stephen in 1815, his brother John managed the family affairs until William J. Minor, the son of Stephen, became of age.

William J. Minor (1808-1869) was the second president of the Agricultural Bank at Natchez, and much of his early correspondence deals with the bank’s affairs. He married Rebecca A. Gustine of Philadelphia on August 7, 1829, and they had seven sons and one daughter. About 1828, Minor acquired land in Terrebonne Parish. From 1839 to 1842, he was in dispute with the U. S. Treasury Department because of a debt the bank owed. He was one of the wealthiest planters of the Natchez area and owner of at least three plantations in Louisiana (Southdown, Hollywood and Waterloo) in addition to Concord Plantation, the family home. During the Civil War he was a Union sympathizer who was well known to Union officers such as Generals Benjamin Franklin Butler and Lorenzo Thomas. Union officers protected Concord Plantation on two separate occasions, September 29, 1863 and March 10, 1864. William moved to Southdown in Terrebonne Parish in 1864 and was very interested in horse racing and politics.

Henry C. Minor (b. 1841) became an excellent sugar planter in Terrebonne Parish. In the years following Reconstruction, he superseded his father, William J. Minor, and the later correspondence is addressed to him as the head of the family. Henry married Anna Butler in 1875 and was a Congressional candidate in 1889.

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

The collection consists of plantation records, early Natchez banking papers, personal correspondence, and manuscript volumes of the Minor family of Natchez, Mississippi. Letters of the later ante-bellum period relate to plantation life and economy and personal life of William J. Minor. Manuscript volumes include plantation diaries, ledgers, notebooks and letter books, relating to operation of Waterloo, Hollywood, Southdown and Concord plantations including records of slaves’ work, ages, and provisions.

The materials in the collection relate to speculation in land and cotton in the 1830’s in the Natchez region and the lower Mississippi Valley; the management of four plantations from 1840 to 1870; treatment of Negroes; the effect of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Mississippi banks; and horse racing. The file of letters prior to 1830 outlines the beginnings of the family business in Mississippi. While plantation diaries are not complete in day-by-day entries, the gaps are largely supplied by correspondence and supplementary record books such as the notebook showing the treatment accorded each field for a period on one of the plantations and the records of slave births and deaths. The collection includes two ledgers, three letter books, one printed volume, seven notebooks, and twenty-three plantation diaries.

LIST OF SERIES AND SUBSERIES

Series I. Papers

Series II. Bound volumes

A. Plantation Diaries
B. Ledgers
C. Letter Books
D. Printed Volume
E. Notebooks

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

Series I. PAPERS

Box 1

Includes a Spanish land grant (1791) and land survey (undated), miscellaneous items of Stephen Minor, medical bills, bills of lading, statement of cotton sales, promissory notes, financial statement, checks, receipted bills, receipts, and Stephen Minor’s obituary. Also contains letters written by A. Strother, Samuel J. Steer, Mary Steer, Bernard Lintot, Will Dortch, John Walker, John O’Conner, William Lintot, William Vousdan, Elias Beauregard, C. Norwood, Joseph Vachemonde, John Wilkins, Peter Walker, John F. Watson, Stephen Minor, John Thompson, Joseph C. Wilkins, William G. Forman, Philip Hicky, Joseph Vidal, John D. Smith, Samuel Postlethwaite, William Kenner, Felix Trudeau, Andrew Milne, John G. Wederstrandt, J. Saul, James Wilkinson, William Kenner and Company (factor), Philip Minor, J. B. Green, J. Lewis, George Mather, Barclay Salkeld and Company (factor), George Salkeld (factor), Joseph Minor, J. B. Barclay (factor), Peter Turnan, Samuel McCutchon, Chandler Price, James E. Butler, Robert Dove, G. Guice [or Green?] (factor), Doch Grand, William J. Minor, Katherine Minor, F. Nash Ogden, Stephen Duncan, James Dinsmore, T. B Bradish, F. M. Chotard, and John Minor.

Box 2

Contains an extract, accounts, medical bills, burial broadsides, Katherine Minor’s obituary, items pertaining to the settlement of the succession of Katherine Minor, medical prescriptions, death notice, a freedmen’s contract, miscellaneous items of Rebecca A. Minor, Postlethwaite genealogy, items of H. C. Minor, promissory notes, receipted bills, genealogies of Minor and Butler families, list of rules and regulations for working Southdown and Hollywood, and a 1941 photograph showing the site of Philip Nolan’s log fort at the junction of Brazos and Bosky Rivers, Texas, in which he was murdered. Includes letters written by William J. Minor, Philip Minor, James Jackson, E. J. Howell, Charles Orley, R. H. Stirling,

James H. Leverich and Company (factor), F. M. Chotard, Stephen Duncan, Edward Sparrow, A. P. Merrill, Committee on Behalf of the Natchez Guards, Alfred Gates, Mary Ann Green, H. L. Eustis, John Minor, Stephanie Minor, Rebecca Wilkins, Frances Y. Peirce, J. J. Hughes, T. J. Wells, A. D. Postlethwaite, Adams Troop, M. A. Garston, James Dinsmore, William A. Shaffer, Edward K. Chaplain, Edgar Garston, Philip Hicky, S. M. Wilkins, Henry C. Minor, Ameniade Chaplain, William H. Wilkins, Rebecca Minor, Kate Minor, C. C. Eustis, John Watt, J. Gibson, A. McCullom, Joshua Baker,

John G. Gaines, D. F. Kenner, Charles E. Leverich (factor), Annie L. Minor, F. S. Goode, W. Ballison, Dr. I. Morris, and H. L. Eustis.

Series II. BOUND VOLUMES

Subseries 1: Plantation Diaries (1820-1870) (v. 1-10, 25-37)

Contains detailed information about the operation of Concord Plantation, near

Natchez, Southdown and Hollywood plantations in Terrebonne Parish, and Waterloo Plantation in Ascension Parish. Personal notes are generally entered in connection with business matters. Rebecca A. Minor continued the diary after the death of her husband, William J. Minor, in 1869. Include medical information, log books of slave care, and doctor’s bills; rules and regulations governing the overseer, first and second drivers, and slaves; slave lists showing heights, weights, ages, births, deaths, issuances of food and clothing supplement; planting and work entries; weather conditions; descriptions of how the mills worked and amount of production; land sold and bought; and horse racing news.

Subseries 2: Ledgers (1834-1869) (v. 11-12, 16)

Ledgers kept by William J. Minor for Waterloo and Southdown Plantations.

Some accounts included in journal #11 (1834-1869) are for Stock Farm, Breeding Stud and Training Stables, John C. Beasley, J. W. Brooks, William Bruns, S. L. Blaswell (carpenter), Dr. F. L. Claiborne, W. C. C. Conner, A. B. Cunningham, Henry Chotard, Day and Caldwell, Andrew Douglas, Stephen Duncan, William Duncan, E. J. Eldes, John Foley, P. J. Ford, R. W. Frances, Isaac Z. Gibson, H. S. Goode, D. J. Grey, W. F. Grey, James F. Griffin, W. F. Herson, Washington Jackson, Jones, W. Joyce, D. H. Kenner, George Lee, C. P. Leverich, James W. Leverich, W. S. Leverich, John Minor, Katherine Minor, Katherine Minor Estate, Stephen Minor, Stephen Minor Sr., W. C. Minor, William Minor, Charles Minty, Alex Nisbet, J. C. Potts, William Smith, Arthur St. Amant, A. Thompson, Mrs. C. L. Wilkins, James C. Wilkins, Louisa Wilkins, R. R. Wilkins, S. M. Wilkins, and William W. Wilkins. Records show that some of the Minors worked as superintendents, bookkeepers, agents, and general managers.

Some accounts included in journal #12 (1857-1869) are for E. M. Boykin, Richard Butler, M. H. Clarke, Andrew Doryrus, P. K. Doud, T. and T. Ellis, R. G. Emert, John Foley, Dr. Helmeck, William F. Hearson, Joseph Klingman, W. H. Knight, T. Kelsoe, John (Copper Smith), L. T. M. McClung, Peter Norman, R. A. Ogden, Oliff, William H. H. Rider, and A. Turner. Lists of people receiving shoes, boots, cloth, clothing, bridles, and miscellaneous supplies, tools and equipment were recorded for 1857.

Volume 16 is a ledger of the estate of Catherine L. Wilkins (1849-1859) for

which William J. Minor was the executor. The ledger records Minor’s guardianship of William Henry Wilkins and the settlement of the estate as well as notes describing the filing of accounts and vouchers with the Court of Probate of Adams County.

Subseries 3: Letter Books (1834-1869) (v. 13-15)

Many of the letters written by William J. Minor in these 3 volumes (1834-1848,

1848-1855 and 1855-1858) are too water damaged and faded to read. Most of the

few letters readable include instructions about accounts and notes paid, shipments

made, invoices and questions about prices.

Subseries 4: Printed Volume (18) (v. 19)

The last item is a published book/catalogue entitled Steam, Its Generation and Use with a Catalogue of the Manufactures of The Babcock and Wilcox Company. Inside the front is signed “John D. Minor 1902 Southdown.”

Subseries 5: Notebooks (1846-1864) (v. 17, 18, 20-24)

Volume 17 is a notebook with lists of births and deaths on Southdown and Hollywood plantations (1846-1865). Dates of births are recorded with the names of the children and their parents. Dates of deaths are recorded along with the names and ages of the deceased.

Volume 18 is a notebook entitled “List of Negroes 1848-1858.” It contains several types of lists of slaves for Waterloo and Southdown plantations including names, ages, illnesses, shoes and rations, and deaths. There is also a list of slaves who did not have yellow fever in 1855 at Waterloo.

Volumes 20-24 contain miscellaneous information: chemistry notes,

poems of various authors, prescriptions and descriptions of symptoms, quotations, letter extracts, and receipts for land sold and rented by Rebecca A. Minor.

INDEX TERMS

Materials relating to these people, places, and things can be found in the series indicated, as represented by their numbers.

Account books

II

Agricultural Bank

I

Bank of Mississippi

I

Bolivar, Simon, 1783-1830

I

Butler--Genealogy

I

Butler, Thomas (1785-1874)

I

Cholera

I-II

Clay, Henry (1777-1852)

I

Concord Plantation (Miss.)

I-II

Confederate States of America--Economic conditions

I-II

Cotton--Louisiana

I-II

Cotton--Mississippi

I-II

Death notices

I-II

Diaries

II

Diphtheria

I-II

Freedmen--Louisiana

I

Freedmen--Mississippi

I

Hollywood Plantation (La.)

I-II

Horse racing

I-II

Horses--Breeding

I-II

Inheritance and succession

I-II

Louisiana--History--1803-1865

I-II

Louisiana--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

I-II

Louisiana--Politics and government--1803-1865

I

Minor family--Genealogy

I

Minor, Henry (b. 1841)

I-II

Minor, John

I-II

Minor, Katherine Lintot, c. 1764-1844

I-II

Minor, Philip

I

Minor, Rebecca A. Gustine

I-II

Minor, Stephen, 1760-1815

I-II

Minor, William J. (1808-1869)

I-II

Mississippi--History

I-II

Mississippi--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

I-II

New Orleans, Battle of, New Orleans, La., 1815

I

Oakland Plantation (La.)

I

Obituaries

I

Plantation life--Louisiana--Ascension Parish

I-II

Plantation life--Louisiana--Terrebonne Parish

I-II

Plantation life--Mississippi

I-II

Plantation owners--Louisiana-- Ascension Parish

I-II

Plantation owners--Louisiana--Terrebonne Parish

I-II

Plantation owners-- Mississippi

I-II

Plantation owners’ spouses

I-II

Point Look Out Plantation (La.)

I

Political parties--Whigs

I

Postlethwaite family--Genealogy

I

Reconstruction--Mississippi

I-II

Slaves--Louisiana

I-II

Slaves--Mississippi

I-II

Smallpox--Vaccination

I

Southdown Plantation (La.)

I-II

Sugar growing--Louisiana

I-II

Thomas, Lorenzo, 1804-1875

I

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

I-II

Waterloo Plantation (La.)

I-II

Wilkinson, James, 1757-1825

I

Yellow Fever

I-II

CONTAINER LIST

Stack

Location

Box

Folders

Contents

U:229

1

1

Papers (1779-1801) 13 items

U:229

1

2

Papers (1802-1806) 9 items

U:229

1

3

Papers (1809-1811) 12 items

U:229

1

4

Papers (1812-1813) 15 items

U:229

1

5

Papers (1814-1815) 20 items

U:229

1

6

Papers (1816-1817) 19 items

U:229

1

7

Papers (1818) 17 items

U:229

1

8

Papers (1819-1824) 8 items

U:229

1

9

Papers (1827-1828) 19 items

U:229

1

10

Papers (1829-1830) 44 items

U:229

2

11

Papers (1831-1839) 11 items

U:229

2

12

Papers (1838) 38 items

U:229

2

13

Papers (1840-1841) 20 items

U:229

2

14

Papers (1842) 21 items

U:229

2

15

Papers (1844-1850) 17 items

U:229

2

16

Papers (1851-1855) 22 items

U:229

2

17

Papers (1856-1860) 28 items

U:229

2

18

Papers (1861-1865) 21 items

U:229

2

19

Papers (1866-1898) 32 items

U:229

2

20

Papers (n. d.) 10 items

U:229

2

21

Papers (n. d.) 15 items

U:229

2

22

Papers (1941) 1 item

H:2

v. 1

Diary (1820-1845)

H:2

v. 2

Diary (1847-1848)

H:2

v. 3

Diary (1849)

H:2

v. 4

Diary (1850)

H:2

v. 5

Diary (1851)

H:2

v. 6

Diary (1856)

H:2

v. 7

Diary (1856-1857)

H:2

v. 8

Diary (1859)

H:2

v. 9

Diary (1863)

H:2

v. 10

Diary (1864)

H:2

v. 11

Ledger (1834-1883)

H:2

v. 12

Ledger (1857-1869)

H:2

v. 13

Letter Book (1834-1848)

H:2

v. 14

Letter Book (1848-1855)

H:2

v. 15

Letter Book (1855-1858)

H:2

v. 16

Ledger (1849-1859)

H:2

v. 17

Notebook (1852)

H:2

v. 18

Notebook (1846-1865)

H:2

v. 19

Printed Volume

H:2

v. 20

Notebook (1854)

H:2

v. 21

Notebook (1859)

H:2

v. 22

Notebook (1860)

H:2

v. 23

Notebook (n. d.)

H:2

v. 24

Notebook (1868-1871)

H:2

v. 25

Plantation Diary (1842-1856)

H:2

v. 26

Plantation Diary (1850)

H:2

v. 27

Plantation Diary (1851-1855)

H:2

v. 28

Plantation Diary (1856)

H:2

v. 29

Plantation Diary (1855-1858)

H:2

v. 30

Plantation Diary (1858-1859)

H:2

v. 31

Plantation Diary (1858-1861)

H:2

v. 32

Plantation Diary (1861-1862)

H:2

v. 33

Plantation Diary (1861-1865)

H:2

v. 34

Plantation Diary (1861-1868)

H:2

v. 35

Plantation Diary (1863)

H:2

v. 36

Plantation Diary (1863-1868)

H:2

v. 37

Plantation Diary (1869-1870)

Vaut:1

1 folder

Spanish land grant (1791), land survey (undated). Access restricted due to fragility, use photocopies.

NOTES

Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Louisiana, Volume II. Chicago: The Goodspeed

Publishing Company, 1892. pp. 259-260.

Coussons, John Stanford. “The Federal Occupation of Natchez, Mississippi, 1863-1865.

Master’s thesis, Louisiana State University, June 1958.

pp. 112-113 Contains a reference to the Union sentiments of the Minor family

and Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas.

The Journal of Southern History 13, no. 1 (February 1947).

Klingberg, Frank Wysor. The Case of the Minors: A Unionist Family within the

Confederacy.

p. 40 “Particular attention was given to a pass issued in May, 1864, by Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas allowing her [Mrs. Catherine S. Minor, wife of John]…to proceed North…”

Klingberg, Frank Wysor. The Southern Claims Commission. University of California

Publications in History, vol. 50. Berkley and Los Angeles: University of California, 1955.

p. 108 Catherine S. Minor, of Natchez, [wife of John Minor, “Palo Alto”],

described dilemma of Southern loyalists, “I was always an abolitionist at heart, but I am afraid not a philanthropist. I did not know how to set them [slaves] free without wretchedness to them, and utter ruin to myself.”

pp. 111-112 In Natchez area, Wm. Minor and Josiah Winchester made strong

stand against secession in 1860-1861, and awaited the arrival of Union Army. Winchester served as a delegate to the secession convention for his state, and was 1 of 15 men to sign attestation clause rather than secession ordinance itself. Minor was violently opposed to secession….During war, Union officers aware of his sentiments and of his wealth and prominence, sought him for advice and assistance. General Butler urged Minor to go to Washington for conversation with Lincoln, and offered to furnish gunboat for this purpose, but Minor did not go because he feared it would injure his family more around Natchez. General Lorenzo Thomas arrive in Natchez with advance information as to the influence and reliability of Minor family and sought them out at his first opportunity.