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Robert A. Newell Papers

 

 

(Mss.653)

 

 

Inventory

 

 

 

Edited by

Mark E. Martin

 

 

Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University

 

 

2004


Contents of inventory

 

 

Summary                                                                     

Biographical/Historical Note                                        

Scope and Content Note                                             

Index Terms                                                                

Container List                                                              

 

 

.

 

Summary

 

Size.

250 items; 239 manuscripts, 11 images

 

 

Geographic

 

locations.

Louisiana, Texas

 

 

Inclusive

 

dates.

1841 - 1887

 

 

Bulk dates.

1863 - 1864

 

 

Languages.

English.

 

 

Summary.

The collection consists largely of personal correspondence between members of the Newell and Forman families, 1863 – 1864. Later documents are largely tax receipts and other legal documents.

 

 

Access.

No restrictions.

 

 

Reproduction.

Microfilm exists for this collection. Copies are allowed from the microfilm but not from the original documents.

 

 

Copyright.

Physical rights are retained by the LSU Libraries.  Copyright of the original materials is retained by descendants of the creators of the materials in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

 

 

Citation.

Robert A. Newell Papers, Mss. 653, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, La.

 

 

Stack

 

locations.

U:235

 

Mf 5735, Series B, Reel 14 (see “Reproduction” note above)

 

 


 

 

Biographical/Historical Note

 

Robert A. Newell, native of Ireland, married Sarah Ann Forman in 1856. They settled on the Elm Bayou Plantation near Cheneyville, Louisiana. During the American Civil War, 1861 – 1865, Robert first moved to the Catalpa Plantation then to Texas in an effort to avoid Federal occupation. Sarah had gone to Cincinnati, Texas, to sit out the war. Other members of the Newell, Forman, and Keary families fought and died in the war. Also represented in the papers are relatives who served in the Civil War, including John Forman (16th Louisiana Infantry, Company H, d. 1864), Thomas A. and Andrew Newell (8th Louisiana Infantry), and William Forman (8th Louisiana Infantry).

 

Scope and Content Note

 

Antebellum letters primarily relate to Robert Newell's trip to his home in Ireland, via New York City. The bulk of correspondence is from the Civil War era and includes letters from family members serving in the Confederate army and letters from Robert Newell to his wife written first while he lived with the Keary family of Catalpa Grove Plantation near Cheneyville, La., and then during his travels in east and central Texas for his position with the Nitre and Mining Company (later Bureau).  Soldiers' letters describe camp, discipline, health, and military life at Camps Moore, Chalmette, and Tupelo, fighting at Mufreesborough, Tenn., troop movements, deserters, and the siege of Vicksburg.  Letters from Sarah Forman Newell in Louisiana and Texas detail plantation conditions, home life, crops, and household activities (sewing, teaching children, weaving); slave management, discipline, and hiring out slaves; migration to Texas, prices and the scarcity of goods, the devaluation of currency, draft dodging, fear of Jayhawkers, and problems with Indians. Letters from Robert A. Newell give his wife advice on handling slaves, managing the household, educating their children, and taxes, as well as discussing outbreaks of diphtheria and smallpox.  He also reports his work for the Nitre and Mining Bureau, interference with cotton shipments by Mexican renegades, economic and living conditions and Indian depredations at various places in Texas, including Commanche Springs, Fredricksburg, Bastrop, Austin, Round Rock, Uvalde, and Rio Frio.  Legal and business records are comprised of land records, slave sales, tax receipts, and promissory notes.  Photographic images of family members include text that provides details of their family relationship, of their service and, where appropriate, their death during the American Civil War.

 

INDEX TERMS

 


Personal names

 

De la Roché, Mary S.

De la Roché, Samuel

Forman, Andrew

Forman, William

Newell, Eliza

Newell, Elizabeth Aiken

Newell, Robert Aiken

Newell, Sarah Ann

Newell, Thomas Aiken, Jr.

 

Geographic terms

 

Austin (Tex.)

Catalpa Grove Plantation (La.)

Cheneyville (La.)

Cincinnati (Tex.)

Comanche Springs (Tex.)

Huntsville (Tex.)

Independence (Tex.)

Ireland – Description and travel

New York (N.Y.) – Description and travel

Oak Grove Plantation (La.)

Round Rock (Tex.)

Texas – Description and travel

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Underground movements

 

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865----Economic aspects

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865-----Women

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865-----Personal narratives, Confederate

 

 

Corporate Names

 

Confederate States of America. Army. Louisiana Infantry Regiment, 16th.

Confederates States of America. Army. Louisiana Infantry Regiment, 8th.

Confederate States of America. Army--Military life

Confederate States of America. Nitre and Mining Bureau

 

Topical Terms

 

Slaves--Texas

Slaves--Louisiana

Plantation operation--Louisiana

Plantation operation--Texas

Texas--History--Civil War, 1861-1865

Women--Texas--19th century


 

CONTAINER LIST

 

Stack

 

 

 

Location

Box

Folder

Contents

 

 

 

 

U:235

1

1

Legal and business documents, correspondence, 1839, 1841 – 1860

 

 

2

Legal and business documents, correspondence, 1861 – 1863

 

 

3

Legal and business documents, correspondence, 1864 – 1865

 

 

4

Legal and business documents, 1866 – 1887

 

 

5

Letters from Sarah A. Newell to Robert Newell, n.d.

 

 

6

Letters, n.d.

 

 

7

Letters, poems, n.d.

 

 

8

Letter fragments, empty envelopes, advertising card, n.d.

 

2

 

Cased images:

 

 

 

De la Roché, Mary S.

 

 

 

De la Roché, Samuel

 

 

 

Forman, Andrew

 

 

 

Forman, William

 

 

 

Newell, Eliza

 

 

 

Newell, Thomas Aiken, Jr.

 

 

 

Carte-de-visite

 

 

 

Forman, Andrew

 

 

 

Newell, Elizabeth Aiken

 

 

 

Newell, Robert Aiken

 

 

 

Newell, Sarah Ann

 

 

 

Newell, Thomas Aiken, Jr.

 

MF 5735, Series B, Reel 14

Confederate military manuscripts, in Reading Room; see guide, page 46, for description and frame tally