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(Mss. 615, 893)







Luana Henderson


Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library

Louisiana State University Libraries

Baton Rouge, Louisiana


(revised 2001)





Contents of Inventory



Biographical/Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

List of Subgroup, Series and Subseries

Subgroup, Series and Subseries Descriptions

Container List

Oversize Material

Index terms

Appendix A




Size:                             4.3 linear ft.


Locations:                   Louisiana, Mississippi, Arkansas, Missouri

Inclusive dates:          1785-1945.

Bulk dates:                 1922-1937.

Languages:                 English, French, German, Portuguese.

Summary:                    Correspondence, printed and graphic material, legal documents, and LSU memorabilia.

Source:                        Gift.

Copyright:                   Physical rights are retained by LSU Libraries.  Copyright of the original materials is retained by Creators, or their descendants, of the materials in accordance with U.S. copyright law.

Citation:                      Eugene M. Violette Collection, Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections, LSU Libraries, Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Stack location:            Z:5-6, OS:V, Range 99:V.



Biographical/Historical Note


Eugene M. Violette was born in Pittsville, Missouri, Sept. 4, 1873.  He received degrees from  Central College, Fayette, Missouri and the University of Chicago.  

During his teaching career, Professor Violette also served as visiting scholar at the Universities of Texas, Colorado, and Minnesota.  He remained on the faculty at

LSU until his death, March 26, 1940.  


Violette was a prolific writer, authoring numerous articles, studies, and papers.  Among his works are English Constitutional Documents Since 1832 and Spanish

Land Claims in Missouri. He was an active member of state, regional, and national historical associations.   He served as program chairman, chairman of the

executive committee, and member of the editorial board of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association. Violette also served on several committees of the American

Historical Association.


Violette is credited as one of the forerunners in the establishment of the “Dixie Museum” in the LSU Memorial Tower, or Campanile; it later became known as the

Historical Museum. The museum was comprised of two smaller exhibitions, each housed in a wing of the Tower.  One held material of a military interest and the

other contained items related LSU history.



Scope and Content Note


The collection is divided into two major subgroups: the Eugene M. Violette Papers and the Museum Records.


Eugene Violette Papers contain correspondence, printed material, writings, and memorabilia pertaining primarily to LSU and campus activities.  Correspondence is mainly of a professional nature that includes official University memoranda and reflects Violette’s association with the University, professional organizations, publishers, and his colleagues.  Printed items include Louisiana newspapers and clippings related to Louisiana, football, and World Wars I and II.  Printed  items also include booklets and imprints pertaining to a variety of topics including sugar cane and early LSU history.  Writings include notes, drafts of professional papers presented at conferences, short biographical sketches, and a partial manuscript of a book. Memorabilia include posters, handbills, flyers, and programs concerning student politics, football, social functions, campus events, and religious organizations.


Museum Records consist of correspondence, much of which concerns donors and museum equipment, historical manuscripts, and textiles and artifacts.  Among the historical papers are printed items; land documents of Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana (1841-1881); legal documents; an autobiography of James Starr (1889) reflecting 19th century life; and photographs of individuals and buildings, most of which are unidentified.  However, photographs do include one of Abraham Lincoln (n.d.) and two New Orleans scenes (ca. 1847).  Historical manuscripts also contain correspondence, including two Civil War letters and a letter from a United States congressman from Mississippi (1875) reflecting upon the political scene during Reconstruction.


List of Subgroups, Series, and Subseries


Subgroup 1. Eugene M. Violette Papers, 1909-1945, n.d.


I. University calendars, announcements, reports, 1923-1937, n.d.


II. Correspondence, 1922-1937, n.d.

            Subseries 1.            University, 1930-1937

            Subseries 2.              Professional, 1922-1937, n.d.

            Subseries 3.            Personal, 1931-1936, n.d.

            Subseries 4.            Other correspondents, 1916-1919


III. Writings, 1917-1933, n. d.


IV. Graphic material and printed items, 1909-1945, n.d.

            Subseries 1.            Advertisements, 1911-1935, n. d.

            Subseries 2.            Newspapers and clippings, 1909-1943, n.d.

            Subseries 3.            Miscellaneous, 1914-1936, n.d.

            Subseries 4.            LSU, 1912-1937, n.d.

            Subseries 5.            Publications, 1911-1937



Subgroup 2.    Museum Records, 1830-1937


I. Correspondence, 1926-1937


II. Miscellaneous, 1931-1933


III. Historical manuscripts, 1830-1919, n.d.


IV. Artifacts and textiles, n.d.



Subgroups, Series, and Subseries Description


Subgroup 1. Eugene M. Violette Papers, 1909-1945. Papers reflect Eugene Violette’s career as a member of the faculty at Louisiana State University.



      I.  University calendars, announcements, reports, 1931-1937, n.d


University calendars list locations and times of scheduled social and athletic events as well as meetings for various student organizations.  Announcements, which

include news releases from the LSU News Bureau, report on campus news, upcoming events, publications, lectures, and available classes.  This series also contains

data on student enrollment and average academic performance.  Arranged chronologically.



      II.  Correspondence, 1922-1937, n.d.


            Subseries 1.            University correspondence, 1930-1937


University correspondence contains letters and memoranda directed to students, staff, and faculty, but primarily the faculty, relaying information about campus

activities, events, meetings, functions, classes, and exam schedules.  Letters and memoranda of LSU Y.M.C.A. deal with scheduled events, financial matters, and

Y.M.C.A. membership. Arranged chronologically.


            Subseries 2.              Professional correspondence, 1922-1937, n.d.


Professional correspondence reflects Eugene Violette’s involvement with historical associations, universities, publishers, and colleagues.  Letters relate to literary

works, book purchases, Violette’s own publications, and papers he presented at conferences. Among these is a series of letters (1931) pertaining to a paper on

Senator Donelson Caffery, U. S. Senator from Louisiana.  Arranged chronologically.


            Subseries 3.              Personal correspondence, 1931-1936


Letters predominately from the First Methodist Church and the Wesley Foundation, a Methodist student organization, requesting donations and informing members

of church activities. Arranged chronologically.


            Subseries 4.            Other correspondents, 1916-1919


Correspondence [some in Portuguese] of William J. Brown, a teacher of foreign languages in Akron, Ohio and M. L. Bonham of the Historical Society of East and

West Baton Rouge comprise this subseries.  Letters to Brown concern his Portuguese language publication, and those to Bonham refer to a historical document

related to the acquisition of East and West Florida by the United States and the publication of this document in the Louisiana Historical Quarterly (July 1, 1919).

Also mentioned is the need to plan a celebration of this event (July 12, 1919).  Arranged chronologically.



      III.  Writings, ca. 1900-1935


Writings consist of book reviews, editorials, instructional material, and drafts of Violette’s papers presented at conferences, including his talk on Senator Donelson

Caffery.  Other items contained in the writings are Senator Caffery’s speech entitled The New South (ca. 1900), a biographical sketch of Arthur Lee Willard (n.d.), and Richard Thomas Deval’s Civil War experience (n.d.). Additionally there is an incomplete manuscript pertaining to Dufur family members and their experiences during the Civil War.  Arranged chronologically.



      IV.  Graphic material and printed items, 1909-1945, n.d.


            Subseries 1.            Advertisements, 1911-1937, n. d.


Advertisements include handbills, flyers, and broadsides offering information and services.  Also included are publishers’ booklists, catalogs, and flyers announcing upcoming publications (1931-1935, n.d.).  Other items include advertising booklets and flyers containing recipes and medicinal remedies. Arranged chronologically.


            Subseries 2.            Newspapers and clippings, 1909-1943, n.d.



This subseries consists of newspapers clippings [photocopies] (1909-1935, n.d.) and original newspapers (1914-1943).  Newspapers, predominately from

Louisiana and with a bulk date of 1926,  give local and national news for that year; other issues pertain to World War I, the assassination of Huey P. Long (1935),

and World War II. Clippings cover historical events, World War I, Louisiana landmarks, monuments,  political figures, and prominent Louisiana residents.  Other

clippings concern college football in general and LSU football in particular (1929-1934, n.d.). Additionally, there is a scrapbook of newspaper articles  written by

and about Bernard Gruenstein, an Arkansas journalist (1924).  Pasted into the scrapbook is a letter written to Gruenstein by an anonymous member of the Ku Klux

Klan (n.d.) threatening Gruenstein with violence if he does not refrain from writing about the Klan. Newspapers are arranged alphabetically by title, then

chronologically; clippings are arranged chronologically. NOTE: See appendix A for a complete list of newspapers.


            Subseries 3.  Miscellaneous (1915-1936, n.d.).


Miscellaneous subseries consists of conference programs and other printed material produced by various historical and academic associations including the

Southwestern Social Science Association, American Historical Association, National Council for Social Studies, and American Association of University

Professors.  Other material includes invitations, programs, flyers, blank forms, and applications.  Also included are a sample of $1000 gold bonds and accompanying certificate issued for Confederate veterans and their widows (1928), maps of Louisiana (1929) and LSU campus (1928-1929, n.d.), and blue prints for a display case (1935).  Moreover, there are  two caricatures drawn by G. Rohlfing (n.d.) and illustrated wall calendars (1930-1933)


            Subseries 4.            LSU, 1912-1937, n.d.


Printed items related to LSU include programs (1931-1935, n.d.) for conferences, student orientation, LSU Diamond Jubilee (1935), religious convocations and

recitals for the School of Music.  Posters (1928-1937, n.d.) comprise a large portion of this subseries, presenting information on lectures, social activities, theatrical

and musical productions. Many posters were produced by students of the LSU Departments of Music, Fine Arts, and Speech.  Also included are Tulane vs. LSU

football tickets (1920, 1934), handbills and flyers concerning student activities and campus politics.  Arr'tab-stops:0in .5in 1.0in 1.5in 117.0pt 2.0in 2.5in 3.0in 3.5in

4.0in 4.5in 5.0in 5.5in 6.0in'>

Among the publications are newsletters of the American Foundation and Lindenwood College (March 1917); The Museum News (Nov. 1, 1934); and The Bell

Tel News (19341935). In addition imprints include Sugar Cane Variety Report (1933) by C. B. Gouaux and E. C. Simon and The Early History of Louisiana

State University (1928) by J. Fair Hardin.  Monographs include Army Y.M.C.A. in Camp Beauregard (1917), For Our Soldiers! -- Addresses given by His

Eminence Cardinal Mercier ... (1916), Treaty between the United States and Spain ... (1911) issued by the Government Print Office, Twenty-five Silver

Years Golden with ..., Very Reverend P.M.H. Wynhoven (1934) by Roger Baudier, and The Coronation of Their Majesties King George VI and Queen

Elizabeth (1937).

Newsletters arranged chronologically, monographs arranged alphabetically by title.


Subgroup 2.    Museum Records, 1830-1919

      Material collected by Eugene Violette in his capacity as director of the Louisiana State University Historical Museum.



      I.  Correspondence, 1926-1937, n.d.


The majority of correspondence between Violette and others discusses acquisition of artifacts, photographs, and manuscripts by the museum.  Included are short

biographical sketches of William Blount Robertson, Jr. and Thomas Chinn Robertson who served in the Confederate States Army (May 21, 1931).  Additional

correspondence relates to the purchase and shipment of museum display  equipment.  Arranged chronologically.



      II.  Miscellaneous, 1931-1933, n.d.


Various handwritten notes and note cards, shipping documents related to museum equipment, and a survey of Confederate pensions (Feb. 1, 1933).  Arranged




      III. Historical manuscripts, 1830-1919, n.d.


Legal papers, correspondence, and printed material comprise this series.  Legal papers document  an ownership dispute (n.d.), the sale of property in Avoyelles

Parish, Louisiana (1841-1881), sale of slaves with the land (August 26, 1850), and certification ownership in Ouachita, La. (August 1, 1838) and.  Other items

include a petition (April 1, 1850) requesting leniency for Dr. J. Hammil of Port Hudson in an assault conviction, true bill for theft issued by the Grand Jury of East

Feliciana Parish (1854), and a legal opinion of the Mississippi Supreme Court (1882) in the civil case of Chicago, St. Louis and New Orleans Railroad vs. John W.

Scurry.  Papers also contain a loyalty oath (July 3, 1865); a small account book listing dry goods and prices (1867-1868); a brief biographical sketch of William

Blount Robertson (Dec. 2, 1898); lease for property situated on Main St., Baton Rouge; tax receipts from Madison County, Miss. (1895-1897); constitution of the

Patrons Cooperation Society of Madison County (n.d.), an agriculture association; certificates (1899-1916) and diploma (1903) of Campbell Blackshear Hodges; and the charter of the Louisiana College of Medicine (1907) [typescript].  Of particular interest is the autobiography of James Starr (1889) detailing life in the 19th century, with an account of the difficulties endured by Union civilians during the Civil War, especially encounters with Confederate soldiers.



Correspondence contains a typescript of a letter (original date1785, typescript date ca. 1928) by George Washington in which he makes reference to sitting for the painter “Pike" (Robert Edge Pine).  A Civil War letter reflects a Confederate soldier’s frustration with the inaptitude of the officers in charge of the army (Sept. 4,

1863).  Another Civil War letter discusses an exchange of prisoners (Dec. 7, 1864).  In a later letter, Otho Robards Singleton, congressman from Mississippi, reflects the political climate at the time of Reconstruction and offers his opinion on the possible impeachment of Governor Ames of Mississippi  (Dec. 27, 1875).

Other correspondence includes typescripts of letters concerning the return of the Louisiana Pelican flag, which was taken from the state by a Union soldier of the Massachusetts 31st regiment at the end of the Civil War (1877).  Note: a facsimile of the George Washington letter is available - Misc:. W]. 


Printed material consists of photographs; published items; advertisements; and  Confederate currency (1862-1864).    Photographs of Abraham Lincoln standing on a porch (n.d.), New Orleans scenes (ca. 1847), Camp Beauregard (n.s.), and several portraits of unidentified persons and buildings comprise the photographs.

Published items include expenses paid to various individuals for services provided in the removal of the Cherokee people (ca. 1835);  the Daily Evening Transcript [facsimile] (July 24, 1830); an issue of The Liberator (Aug. 16, 1839) featuring anti-slavery views; Georgia Citizen Extra [facsimile] (July 23, 1865); constitution and bylaws of the Patrons of Husbandry (1872-1873); and that organization’s publication on co-operative stores (1875).  Also included is an article written about the Invalid’s Hotel in Buffalo, N. Y.  Among the advertisements are medicinal remedies (1855, n.d.);  catalog for women’s apparel (1874);  a recipe booklet (1876); and a listing of police and fire stations in the New Orleans area (1885).  Arranged chronologically.



            IV.  Graphic material and printed items, 1929-1934, n.d.


Printed material consists almost entirely of advertisements and catalogs for museum display equipment, but also includes reports from ... Royal Museum Van

Oudheden at Leiden [in Dutch] and the American Association of Museums (April 30, 1934).



            V.  Artifacts and textiles, n.d.

A cloth-covered folder with fabric samples, a official seal of the Auditors Office of Louisiana, engraving instruments, and United Confederate Veterans medals.

Arranged by type of item.



Container List


Stack Box             Folder             Contents



Subgroup 1.            Eugene M. Violette Papers (1909-1945 n.d.)


Z:5 1                      1-5                  Series I.  University calendars, announcements, reports


            1           Series II. Correspondence (1922-1937, n.d.).

                    6-12                                             Subseries 1.  University (1930-1937 ).

13-19                                           Subseries 2.  Professional (1922-1937, n.d.).

20                                                Subseries 3.  Personal (1931-1936, n.d.).

21             Subseries 4.  Other correspondents (1916-1919 ).

            1                        22-23            Series III. Writings, 1917-1933, n. d.


            1                                  Series IV. Graphic material and printed items (1909-1945, n.d.).


24-2 Subseries 1.  Advertisements (1911-1935, n. d.).

30-31                   Subseries 2.  Newspapers and clippings (1909-1943,              n.d.)

            1      32-34                   Subseries 3. Miscellaneous (1915-1936, n.d.).

            1      35-44                   Subseries 4. LSU (1912-1937, n.d.).

Z:5 2 1-10                                    Subseries 5.  Publications (1911-1937).



Subgroup 2.    Museum Records (1830-1937 ).


Z:5       3             1-3                Series I.  Correspondence (1926-1937 ).

            3              4-5               Series II.  Miscellaneous (1931-1933 ).

            3               6                 Series III. Printed material (1929-1934, n.d.).

Z:5       4             1-11              Series    IV. Historical manuscripts (1830-1919, n.d.).

            4                 12             Series     V. Artifacts and textiles (n.d.):cloth samples

Z:6        5                                 Series     IV. Historical manuscripts: photographs, engraving (ca.  1847, n.d.).

Z:6        6                                 Series            V. Artifacts and textiles (n.d.):United Confederate Veterans medals, engraving instruments, Louisiana State seal.



Stack Box             Folder             Contents



                        Subgroup 1.            Eugene M. Violette Papers           


Z:6 7          Series IV.  Graphic material and printed items:LSU posters (n.d.)

                                    G. Rohlfing caricatures (n.d.),  calendars (1930-1935).

Z:6 8           Series IV.  Graphic material and printed items:scrapbook


Oversize material


Subgroup 2.    Museum Records


OS:V               1                      Series            IV. Historical manuscripts:newspapers (1830-1893), Georgia Citizen Extra (1861), handbills (1864-1866), Patrons of Husbandry publication (1875).


 OS:V              2                      Series            IV. Historical manuscripts:certificate (1899),

                                                                                                      diploma (1903).


OS:V               6                        Series            IV. Historical manuscripts:photograph of Camp Beauregard (n.d.)


Subgroup 1.            Eugene M. Violette Papers


OS:V               3          Series IV.  Graphic material and printed items:LSU posters (n.d).


OS:V               4          Series IV.  Graphic material and printed items:newspapers clippings (ca. 1912-1935, n.d.).


OS:V               5          Series IV.  Printed items:sample bonds and certificate (1928) maps (1928-1929, n.d.), blue prints 1935), advertisements (1934-1937, n.d.).


OS:V               1          Series IV.  Graphic material and printed items:LSU posters (1928-1937, n.d.).


99:V 1          Series IV.  Printed items:newspapers (1914-935).


99:V                 2          Series IV.  Printed items:The Times - Picayune in Trench and Camp (1918), Times Picayune (1918-1943).



Index Terms


Agriculutral societies 2.III

Avoyelles Parish (La.) – History    2.III

Caffery, Donelson 1.II.2, 1.III

Civil War 1.III, 2.II, 2.III

Confederate veterans 1.II.3, 2.II, 2.IV

Gruenstein, Bernard 1.IV.2

Lincoln, Abraham – Photograph               2.III

Long, Huey Pierce – Assasination             1.IV.2

Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, La.)--Students.       1.I, 1.II.3, 1.IV.4

Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, La.) – History 1.IV.3, 1.IV.2 1.IV.4, 2.IV

Louisiana – History 1.II.4, 1.IV.2, 1.II.5

Louisiana State University (Baton Rouge, La.)--Football.     1.I, 1.IV.2, 1.IV.4

Mississippi – History 2.III

New Orleans (La.) – History – Pictorial works     2.III

Rohlfing, G. 1.IV.3

Slaves     2.III

Wesley Foundation             1.II.3

World War I 1.IV.2

World War II 1.IV.2

Y.M.C.A.   1.II.1, 1.II.5

History--Societies, etc.--United States 1.II.1, 1.IV.5





Appendix A


Alexandria Daily Town Talk (1926:April 30, May 1, May 3, May 25,)

The Catahoula News (1926:May 8)

The Guardian - Journal (1927:May 18)

The Item - Tribune (1926:May 2)

Lake Charles American Talk (1926:April 30, May 1, May 3, May 25)

Nashville Tennessean (1934:October 27) [Newspaper fragments]

New Orleans Courier (1935:April 1)

The New Orleans Item (1918:November 11; 1926:April 30, May 1)

New Orleans States (1925:July 12)

The New York Times - Complimentary Issue:  “Why England and Germany Went to War” (1914:August 23, 24)

Port Allen Observer (1926:May 14)

The Reveille (1935:February 22, April 30, May 17, July 12)

State Times (1935: May 29, Sept.10,  November 11,) [Newspaper fragments]

Thibodaux Commercial Journal (1926:May 1, May 8)

The Times - Picayune (1918:November 12; 1926:April 30, May 1, May 2; 1943: July 26, July 27, August 11)

The Times - Picayune in Trench and Camp, Army Section (1918:July 8 - December 28)

True Democrat (1915: November 27, 1918: November 23)

Vernon Parish Journal (1926:May)