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Subject Guides to Manuscripts in the Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections

German-Language Manuscript Resources

From the "German Coast" villages, also known as the Cote des Allemands (in present day St. John the Baptist and St. Charles Parishes), to the scattered planters throughout the Lower Mississippi River Valley, German immigrants had a presence in Louisiana and the lower Mississippi River valley that began early in the colonial period. The first Germans moved from New Biloxi to inland points of Louisiana. In 1768, they joined with Acadians from the Cabannocé Post area to march on New Orleans and overthrow Spanish colonial governor Antonio de Ulloa. Their close association with the Acadians led to intermarriage, and many Cajuns came to be known as "German Cajuns" as a result.

The German-language resources in the Lousiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections (LLMVC) at LSU touch upon a range of topics and dates. The authors of these various papers, letters, notebooks, and other materials were students, planters, merchants, soldiers, and housewives, among other roles. The collections contain descriptions of aspects of the Civil War, plantation life, immigration experiences, business practices, travel accounts, the Nazi regime, and many other subjects. The dates of these materials range from 1776 to 1979 (see Chronological Listing, below).

Collections in this guide are listed alphabetically, with a chronological index after the alphabetical listing. Brief descriptions include references to sources for additional information--either the LSU Libraries' catalog, which is accessible through the Internet, or the manuscript card catalog in the Special Collections reading room of Hill Memorial Library. Still additional information on some of these collections can be found in detailed finding aids in the reading room. Increasingly, electronic copies of these finding aids can be found on the World Wide Web site for Special Collections, where you can also find information about using the collections, searching the online catalog remotely, and asking us questions.


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Manuscript Resources

34 Manuscript Resources in this Subject Guide.

  • Adams, Israel L., 1801-1860. Family Papers, 1813-1890 (bulk 1852-1866). 0.5 linear ft. (505 items, 1 ms. Vol.). Location: Y:83, Mss. Mf.:A, E:Imprints. Merchant and farmer of Natchez, Mississippi. Collection consists of correspondence, bills, receipts, and printed items. Letters of the Adams children and others describe the Civil War in Arkansas and Mississippi. Some letters describe experiences of an immigrant cotton farmer in Sao Paulo, Brazil; other papers relate to German immigrants. Some letters in German. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 1. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3637.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Natchez, Mississippi     Business     Civil War     Plantations    
  • Adler, Barbara. Letter, 1833 March 2. 1 item. Location: Misc.:A. Resident of New Orleans, Louisiana. Letter to Frau Madalina Eisenhart, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, pertains to personal and family matters. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2821.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Women    
  • Barrow, Bartholomew, 1836-1869. Family collection of sheet music, 1848-1891 (bulk 1861-1874). 4 items, 3 vols. Location: Range 65. Planter of Eldorado Plantation, a sugar plantation in Pointe Coupee Parish, Louisiana. Collection of bound and loose vocal and piano sheet music collected by Barrow and his family. Some compositions in French, German, and Italian. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1379.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Performing arts     Plantations     Sugar    
  • Breazeale, Nita Sims. Family Papers, 1811-1981 (bulk 1905-1943). 9.5 linear ft., 3 v. Location: 47:8-12, OS:B, N:9, 65:3, vault. Baton Rouge, La. resident. Papers relate to the Breazeale and Sims families of Baton Rouge, Donaldsonville, and Natchitoches, La. They consists of correspondence, legal documents, printed material, photographs, and artifacts related to World War I and World War II, Bundles for Britain, Inc., genealogy, and state and local history. For further information see online catalog. Mss. 2442.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Business     LSU     20th Century Wars     African Americans    
  • Bruxner, A., Lecture Notebook, 1854-1856. 1 vol. Location: O:17. Student at the University of Leipzig. Four semesters of lectures delivered by Wilhelm Georg Friedrich Roscher, a German economist who taught at the University of Leipzig, recorded by A Bruxner. Subject matter includes economic theory and practice, finance, statistics, and political science. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3201.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Education     Politics    
  • Burguières, Jules M., Jr. Papers, 1816-1957 (1911-1915). 2.5 linear ft. Locations: 78:1-2, OS:B, J:30, E:65. Sugarcane planter and researcher, land developer. Papers consist of correspondence, research notes, clippings, photographs, and financial records relating primarily to Jules M. Burguières, Jr.’s involvement in the sugar and timber industries of Louisiana and Florida. Some research material in French and German. The estate papers of Joseph E. Burguières are also included. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1927, 2026, 2134, 2264, 2525.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Business     Civil War     Plantations     Sugar     African Americans    
  • Burguieres, Jules M., Jr. Papers, 1816-1957 (1911-1915). 2.5 linear ft. Location: 78:1-2, OS:B. Businessman active in the sugar and timber industries. Papers consist of correspondence, research notes, clippings, photographs, and financial records pertaining to the Florida and Louisiana sugar and timber industries. They include financial records for the Burguières' plantations, research notes on the history and science of sugar cultivation and refining. Also included are the estate papers of Joseph E. Burguières. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2264.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: New Orleans 1866-     Business     Sugar    
  • Eder, Joseph and Rosina. Letter, 1854. 1 item. Location: Misc.:E. Account of the journey of Joseph and Rosina Eder from Teisendorf, Germany, to Nacogdoches, Texas, by way of Bremen, Germany, and New Orleans. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 469.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Transportation    
  • Fraude, Wolfgang. Elegy, circa 1943. 1 item. Location: Misc. German soldier killed during the battle on the beachhead of Salerno, Italy, in September 1943. Typed manuscript signed with initials found by an American soldier. An original composition, in poetic prose, it deals with an episode which tests and reaffirms the comradeship between three soldiers. In German with English translation. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3634.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Literature, Reading, and Writing     20th Century Wars    
  • Gayarre, Charles, 1805-1895. Collection, 1720-1895 (bulk 1845-1857). 588 items, 6 vols. Location: U:124-132, Valut: 7, Mss.Mf:G. Louisiana planter, statesman, jurist and historian. Plantation and business records, legal documents, historical and political writings, and personal correspondence of Gayarré. The collection indicates national and state political sentiment and activities and records Gayarré's career as a historian and political analyst and the founding of Louisiana's state library. Partly in French, Spanish and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 156.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Literature, Reading, and Writing     Plantations     Politics    
  • German immigration documents, 1852-1853. 2 items. Location: Misc. A blank contract with Victor Marziou & Co. of Paris gives the terms, conditions, provisions, and cost for German passengers and crew for a voyage from Havre to either New York or New Orleans in the 1850s. A list of those reporting in Bavaria intending to sail with Strecker, Klein & Stoeck between April 1852 and April 1853 gives the name, town, and country of the applicant; the ages and number in the family; the name and residence of the agent; and the sum due from the applicant for passage. In German. Mss. 3719.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: None
  • Gillespie, James A. Family Papers, 1776-1928 (bulk 1840-1890). 1,149 items, 20 vols. Location: E:22-24, E:118, G:16, 65:G, OS:G Vault:38. Planter of Hollywood Plantation, Adams County, Mississippi, and Indian Village Plantation, Concordia Parish, Louisiana. Collection includes plantation records, business papers, and correspondence of the Gillespie family and business papers of the Davis family. Papers include slave sales, land deeds, a will, diaries, portraits, maps, sheet music, and fashion publications. Includes some printed items in German. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 4, Reels 5-8, or Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 3, Reels 13-14. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 669, 695, 1104, 2086.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Natchez, Mississippi     Performing arts     Plantations     African Americans    
  • Hammer, Carl, 1910-. Papers, 1947-1964. .3 linear ft. (230 items, 2 printed vols.). Location: UU:132. Professor of German at LSU and a Goethe scholar. Papers include correspondence, manuscripts, and newspaper clippings related to Goethe scholarship. Some items in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2011.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: LSU    
  • Hansen, Eduard T. (Eduard Theodor). Diary and writings, 1864-1868. 2 vols., 1 microfilm reel. Location: M:20, Mss. Mf:H. Native of Luxembourg who was discharged from the Confederate army in the Civil War and subsequently joined the U.S. Army as a member of the 2nd Missouri Light Artillery, stationed in Louisiana and then as part of the Powder River Expedition. Diary records Hansen's enlistment and service in the U.S. Army in Louisiana and in the Great Plains. It includes copies of letters received by Hansen as well as prose and poetry. In English, German, and French. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 758.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Civil War     Literature, Reading, and Writing    
  • Heberle, Franziska, 1900-. Letters, 1872-1986. 102 items [photocopies]. Location: Y:82. Immigrant from Germany, student of social welfare, employee of the Louisiana State Public Welfare Administration, and wife of LSU Boyd Professor of Sociology Rudolf Heberle. Letters to family and friends describing in detail experiences of the writer, her husband, and their three children while adjusting to life in the U.S. Included are accounts of travels in the U.S., Canada, Mexico, and Europe. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3624.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: LSU     Women     Jews    
  • Heberle, Rudolf, 1896-1991. Papers, 1918-1991 (bulk 1936-1980). 9.5 linear feet. Location: 78:93-98, OS:H. Native of Germany and Boyd Professor of Sociology at LSU. Personal papers consist primarily of correspondence (some in German) relating to his need to leave Germany and obtain a position in the U.S. Professional papers include correspondence with sociologists and colleagues world-wide, research on displaced persons in Mississippi and Louisiana, social problems in Germany, German immigration, and World War II, as well as his comments on Naziism. Also included are notes, lectures, published and unpublished writings, and research files. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1921, 2254, 2345.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Education     LSU     Literature, Reading, and Writing     Politics     20th Century Wars     Jews    
  • Hottinger, Jacob. Letter, 1856 July 15. 1 letter. Location: Misc. Jacob Hottinger in New Orleans, La., writes his friend, Jacob Kreis, to find where he is living so he can reestablish contact with him. He had learned that his wife, the daughter of Martin Führer of Cincinnati, had known the Kreis family in Tennessee and that they may have moved to St. Louis, Mo., or Montgomery, Ala. Hottinger had moved to New Orleans the previous fall and he and his wife had a baby girl recently. He complains of the heat, reports no yellow fever or cholera, and notes that murders and killings occur daily. In German. Mss. 3907.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: None
  • Jules A. Dornier and Family Papers, 1917-1965. 0.3 linear ft. Location: 50:15. Farm and sugar planting family near Convent, Saint James Parish, Louisiana. Correspondence and ephemeral related to the family's farm business including World War II prisoner of war labor contracts. The collection also contains letters from former POW laborers and records showing Lillian Dornier's involvement in the Cooperative for American Remittance to Europe (CARE, Inc.) program.. Mss. 3468.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Business     Plantations     Sugar     Religion     20th Century Wars    
  • Louisiana Leper Home records, 1884-1921 (1895-1920). 11 linear ft.; 16 v. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Correspondence, legal documents, administrative and financial records relate primarily to financial operations. Correspondence also concerns rules governing patients; legal documents contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: New Orleans 1866-     Business     Medicine     Politics    
  • Louisiana Leper Home. Records, 1890-1921 (bulk 1895-1920). 14 linear ft., 16 ms. Vols. Location: 96:1-6; OS:L; O:18. Louisiana Leper Home was established by the Legislature in 1894. Records consist of correspondence, legal documents, printed items, administrative records, and financial records that relate primarily to the financial operations of the Home. Correspondence also concerns patient care and personal conduct. Legal papers contain court orders confining individuals to the Home. Manuscript volumes include bank books, cashbooks, ledgers, and a register of patients. Some correspondence in French and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 2515.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: New Orleans 1866-     Business     Medicine     Politics    
  • McKowen-Lilley-Stirling Family Papers, 1797-1921 (bulk 1877-1901). 829 items (on microfilm). Location: Mss. Mf.:M. Thomas William Lilley founded Springfield Plantation in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. His daughter Edith married John Stirling. John McKowen, an Irish immigrant, was a resident of Jackson, Louisiana. Papers include Lilley-Stirling legal documents and financial papers; McKowen family correspondence; and legal papers, and medical correspondence of John C. MacKowen, a Louisiana physician. Other papers relate to McKowen's property in Anacapri, Italy. Some items in Spanish, Italian, French, and German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4356.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Medicine     Plantations    
  • Meyer Brothers. Store records. 1855-1909. approx. 26 linear ft. Location: H:19, 92:2-14. Natives of Germany and general merchants of Clinton, East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Family papers consist of letters from family in Germany and in the U.S. and from various friends pertaining to business conditions and social life in Louisiana and Texas. Business papers include correspondence, bills, receipts, and manuscript volumes. The Jewish community in the Feliciana Parishes is reflected in a group of record books of the Feliciana Lodge No. 239 of the International Order of B'nai B'rith. For further information, see onine catalog. Mss. 2909.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Business     Jews    
  • Nuebling, Maximilian. Letterbooks, 1822-1826. 2 ms. vols. Location: J:12. German immigrant who settled in St. Francisville, Louisiana, and worked in a general store owned by his uncle, Dietrich Holl. Holl's wife, Virginia Martha Brent Chisholm, married Nuebling after her husband's death, and they had one son, John. Handwritten copies of letters by Neubling. Early letters were written at sea on board the S. S. Fortuna on a voyage from Bremen, Germany, to New Orleans. Later letters describe his life in St. Francisville while he was working in his uncle's store. In German with a typewritten volume containing English translations. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 873.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Business     Transportation    
  • Paap, Christian C. F. Papers, 1822-1848. 7 items. Location: Misc. Birth certificates of Sophia Elizabeth Schumacher, Johann Paap, and Christian C. F. Paap. In German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 246.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Women    
  • Palfrey Family Papers, 1776-1918. (bulk 1806-1875). 388 items; 21 vols. Location: 77:89, H:22, Mss.Mf:P, 99. Family of planters, businessmen, politicians, public servants and author. Papers of John Palfrey (1768-1843) relate chiefly to the operation of Forlorn Hope Plantation, education of his sons, War of 1812, and reflect plantation life. Topics include the trade embargo, West Florida Controversy and the capture of Baton Rouge, War of 1812, slavery, cotton and salt production, and banking. Family papers pertain to Civil War battles, plantation economics, Confederate government, and Reconstruction. Papersof William Palfrey concern Ricahoc Plantation and a partnership David Weeks. They also discuss the Clinton and Port Hudson Railroad Company (1841-1842). Some items in French and Spanish. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 6061 and 5322: University Publications of America Records of Southern Plantations from Emancipation to the Great Migration, Series B, Part 6, Reel 12; Records of Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War, Series I, Part 1, Reels 1-4. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 333, 334, 1409, 1442, 1632, 2076, 2580, 2773, 2857.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: New Orleans in the Civil War     Business     Civil War     Education     Literature, Reading, and Writing     Plantations     Transportation     Religion     Politics     African Americans     Women    
  • Peters, Samuel Jarvis, 1823-1863. Diary, 1840-1862. 1 vol. Location: E:49. Samuel J. Peters, Jr., was the son of New Orleans merchant, civic leader, and banker Samuel Jarvis Peters. He worked as a clerk in New York City (1841-1842), then returned to New Orleans to work in his father's business. Diary describes social life in New Orleans during the antebellum period and in the Civil War prior to federal occupation of the city. Includes entries on family life and health, theater in New Orleans, and national news. Some early 1840 entries are in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1355.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: New Orleans in the Civil War     New Orleans 1866-     Medicine     Performing arts    
  • Riefenstahl, Leni. Oral history interview, 1979 September 5. 3 cassette tapes, 1 ms. vol. Location: 4700.0053. German actress and filmmaker. Taped interview with Leni Riefenstahl. Topics include a discussion of her production of official documentaries for the Nazi regime during the 1930's and her personal contacts with Adolf Hitler and other high-ranking government and party officials. Included are a typed transcription and a translation from German into English of an edited version. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4700.0053.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Politics     Women    
  • Saucier, Gertrude B. (Gertrude Bott), 1881-1978. Family Papers, 1821-1960. 351 items, 1 ms. Vol., 2 printed vols. Location: UU:82; OS:S. Available (with some omissions) on microfilm 5735: University Publications of America Confederate Military Manuscripts Series B, Reel 17. Resident of Baton Rouge, the daughter of John Phillip and Mary Buchel Bott. Both sets of Saucier's grandparents were of German origin. She was an honorary president of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. Papers consist primarily of business, personal, and legal papers of the Buchel and Bott families, with a few items from the Saucier family. Collection includes thirty-one muster rolls of Louisiana Confederate regiments. Photographs in the collection include studio portraits, views of Baton Rouge houses, and a banquet of the United Daughters of the Confederacy meeting in 1947. Some items in German, French, and Latin. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 3293.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: Civil War     Women    
  • Speeg, George. Papers. 1895-1918. 562 items, 13 ms. vols., and 45 printed vols. Location: 79:78-83. Blacksmith and wheelwright of Lobdell, West Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Speeg, a German immigrant, came to Port Allen, Louisiana, in the 1890's and operated a blacksmith ship on the River Road just outside of Port Allen for over 50 years. German language account books, periodicals, newspapers, and bound printed volumes of George Speeg. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1735.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Business    
  • Steib family papers, 1817-1993 (bulk 1817-1822). 6 items. Location: Misc. Franz (François) Steib emigrated from Germany around 1804 and settled on Louisiana's German Coast. The Steib Family Papers consist of an article on the origin of the Steib family in Louisiana (1990), two sets of genealogical tables for the Steib family, and three letters exchanged between Franz Steib in Louisiana and his brother Jacob in Niederwalluf, Germany, between 1817 and 1822. The three letters are in German with modern German transcriptions and English translations. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4510.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: None
  • Thilly, Frank. Notebooks, 1888-1889. 7 vols. Location: H:20. Notebooks of Professor Frank Thilly while attending the University of Heidelberg contain lecture notes on logic, ethics, and general philosophy courses. Part in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 498, 520.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Education    
  • Vallas (Antal and Family) Papers, 1831-1995 (bulk:1841-1968). 2.25 linear feet. Location: 109:33-34; J: 26-27; OS:V; Vault:1. A native Hungarian who served as a professor at the Louisiana State Seminary of Learning and Military Academy and an Episcopalian minister in New Orleans. Contains correspondence, printed items, personal papers and photographs related to the professional and family life of Vllas and his descendents. Consists of materials in English, Hungarian, German, French, Spanish and Latin. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 4439.For Additional Information: Library Catalog     PDF Finding Aid Also Referenced In: New Orleans 1866-     Civil War     Education     LSU     Medicine     Religion     20th Century Wars    
  • Werner, Edgar S. Papers. 1866-1907. .3 linear ft. (101 items, 1 ms. vol., 2 printed vols.). Location: C:67. Owner and editor of WERNER'S MAGAZINE, a speech journal published in Albany, New York, and in New York City (1879-1902). Papers include newspaper articles, broadsides, research papers, and a notebook related to speech patterns and stuttering. Includes one broadside in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1290.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: None
  • Weydemeyer, Luise, Family correspondence, 1849-1869. 100 items. Location: A:67. German immigrant living in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Letters from relatives and friends concern personal and business matters and discuss Union army recruitment and training during the Civil War. Letters from Union general Franz Sigel's wife describe her husband's military activities and civilian career. Primarily in German. For further information, see online catalog. Mss. 1350.For Additional Information: Library Catalog Also Referenced In: Civil War     Politics     Women